Carlos A. Espindola-Scarpetta

Leaders in Law endorses Carlos A. Espindola-Scarpetta as our exclusively recommended Trade Law expert in Colombia. If you wish to get in touch with Carlos, please use the contact information provided above.

Founder of the firm Espíndola International Consultants, created in 1979, which has been dedicated to specialized subjects such as International Contracting, Private International Law, International Conflict Resolution, Maritime Law, Transportation Law, International Trade, Compliance and Customs Law.

Professor in Graduate programs in Customs Law and International Trade, International Business Law and Contracting, at Colegio Mayor de Nuestra Señora del Rosario, Bogtotá/Cali and Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Cali.

Areas of Expertise

  • Customs Law & Exchange Control regulations
  • Foreign Investment
  • M&A
  • International Contracting
  • Private International Law
  • International Conflict Resolution
  • Maritime Law
  • Transport Law
  • International Trade
  • Compliance
  • Customs Law


  • Doctor in Jurisprudence Colegio Mayor de Nuestra Senora del Rosario
  • Bogotá and L.L.M., Master of Laws, from Tulane University School of Law, New Orleans, Louisiana. USA.


  • Member of the Academic Comission at the Instituto Colombiano de Derecho Tributario y Aduanero (ICDTA)
  • Pannelist and author of many articles and papers published by the ICDTA, Bogotá, Colombia.
  • Chair of the International Trade and Business Committee at the Colombian American Chamber of Commerce, Sur Occidente, AMCHAM, Cali, Colombia.

In his long career Carlos has advised the main national and international companies, such as ADM Colombia, Cadbury Adams, Abbott, Sanofi, Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, among others.

International Trade
We advise our clients and accompany them in the planning, analysis and implementation of alternatives that allow the optimization of their resources and sustainability of their business in the areas of Foreign Trade and International Business, offering as an added value in our services the experience and innovation of the global consultants team.

Service portfolio

  • Accompaniment and advice on Procedures and Procedures of Customs and Foreign Trade, claims and appeals before competent authorities.
  • Advice on customs valuation, antidumping practices and trade defense measures such as safeguards and countervailing duties.
  • Audits and implementation of Compliance Manuals in Customs, Tax and Exchange for International Operations and Foreign Trade.
  • Training and education on international contracting, international business and internationalization strategies.
  • Consultancies on tariff classifications, splitting and tariff and / or tax effects.
  • Consultancy in the implementation of international trade terms (“Incoterms”).
  • Design of strategies for the use of Foreign Trade Promotion Mechanisms.
  • Customs planning and transnational operations of goods and services flow.

Firm Description:

Espindola International Consultants, created in 1979, is an office of lawyers and consultants specializing in national and international business and international trade. Our office is a versatile, flexible, professional and competitive lawyer organization that has successfully addressed the legal and strategic needs of Colombian and multinational companies located throughout the Americas, respecting the highest professional and ethical standards.

We are prepared to accompany entrepreneurs to face the challenges derived from the trend of regional, and worldwide integration, creating projects, designing strategies and practical solutions within multijurisdictional legal parameters. Our portfolio of services includes participation in the decision-making processes of our clients, not only from a legal perspective, but also from a strategic point of view through integrated logistics.

In Colombia we have offices in Cali and Bogota D.C., as well as correspondent offices in the most important financial centers of the world. The Legal 500 rankings , Tier 1, Latin America, 2022. Prior years ranked by The Legal 500, Top Firm.


Nathalie Lozano Blanco

Nathalie Lozano-Blanco is the Founding Partner of Lozano Blanco & Asociados; a firm serving high impact cases on topics such as business law and consumer protection, which was formed in 2009.

Nathalie is a Law graduate from the University of El Rosario in Bogotá; she is an LL.M. graduate in International Economic Law from the Paris 1-Panthéon Sorbonne University, and has a Ph.D.c in Banking Law from the same University.

In the past, Nathalie worked in the most important Law Firms in Colombia, and held important positions in public and private organisations in the country.

About Lozano Blanco & Asociados:

The firm was created in 2009 with the objective of providing innovative legal services. Their experience is centred on regulation design and analysis, legal services for companies, and class action litigation.

LBA has been working on the PIP breast implant legal claim against TUV for more than two years. This experience has allowed the firm to represent thousands of women from all over the world and obtain multiple awards and international recognition. The firm won the first claim in favour of our clients on the 14th of November 2013.


LBA’s practice is oriented on turning their work into valuable solutions for their clients. The Firm has a team of lawyers, engineers and advisors that allows them to give clients the best service through multiple virtual communication channels.

The firm cares deeply to adjust all of their products and services to their clients, especially in class action litigation. LBA’s goal is that clients have the best possible customer experience.


Lozano Blanco & Asociados have the necessary experience to offer legal services with a semi-massive approach in which clients receive quality service at a reasonable cost. The firm are innovators in their approach.

Dr. Helmuth Gallego

Leaders in Law endorses Dr. Helmuth Gallego as our exclusively recommended Corporate Law expert in Colombia. If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Gallego please use the contact information provided above.

Helmuth Gallego studied Law at the University Externado in Bogotá. He did his doctorate and post doctorate in Germany at the University of Mainz.

In 1995 Helmuth Gallego founded Gallego Abogados and has been the Managing Director of the firm since its inception. Moreover, he is arbitrator at the Chamber of Commerce of Bogotá and was professor for private law at the doctoral School of the National University of Colombia until 2013.

He is especially valued for his vast experience, the scientific robustness of his work, his entrepreneurial spirit, his knowledge of the European business culture, as well as for his total commitment that the projects of its clients materialize with the required legal certainty.

Firm Description

Gallego Abogados is a small, full service law firm established in 1995 and whose office is located in a privileged business area in the Colombian capital Bogotá.

Gallego Abogados serves the legal needs of national and foreign companies across a broad spectrum of different sectors, including in particular the energy, infrastructure, industry, environmental and banking sector.

The team of advisors offers their clients the complete range of legal consultancy in the field of corporate law and several associated legal areas, as well as other corporate-related services such as tax and accountancy outsourcing.

Specifically, the scope of legal services provided by Gallego Abogados includes personalized advisory services regarding the incorporation of a company, M&As, joint ventures, a company’s transformation, tax issues, support regarding legal formalities and registrations before public entities, foreign exchange regime issues, negotiations, national and international contracting, public contracting and much more.

Furthermore, Gallego Abogados highlights to its clients the particularities of the local market, helps them to generate strategic contacts, accompanies them to business meetings and advises them with respect to the entrance and positioning of their business in the Colombian market.


Luis Fernando Vargas Rodríguez

Leaders in Law endorses Luis Rodríguez as our exclusively recommended Criminal Law expert in Latvia. If you wish to get in touch with Luis please use the contact information provided above.

Luis Fernando is a founding partner of the firm and director of the areas of Business Criminal Law, Corporate & Business Law and Oil & Gas; He also leads the international practice in Human Rights and International Criminal Law. He has extensive, important and recognized experience and tracking record representing the interests of different national and foreign companies in the hydrocarbons, infrastructure, transportation, and the private industry.

Graduated in law school from the Universidad del Rosario, with a postgraduate in Criminal Law and Criminological Sciences of the Universidad Externado de Colombia, graduated also in Legal Structuring of Petroleum Projects from the Universidad Javeriana, and with extensive expertise in Human Rights and Corporate & Business Law.

He has been recognized as an International Legal Leader Latin America by the prestigious North American publications ”The American Lawyer and Corporate Counsel” in its 2013 edition Focus Latin America. Also, recognized by the British business publication CorporateINT as Leading Expert for Litigation advice in Colombia; awarded by ACQ in the Global Awards 2014, 2016, 2017 and 2018 as Litigation Lawyer of the year in Colombia. Likewise, the Global Awards 2018 of M&A Today and Finance Monthly recognized him as Best Litigation Law Lawyer of the Year in Colombia; the 2018 and 2019 Law Awards of Corporate USA Today also honored him as Best Litigation Law Lawyer of the Year in Colombia; Finance Monthly in its Legal Awards 2019 awarded him with the prize as Litigation Lawyer of the Year in Colombia, among other important mentions and distinctions in recognized guides and legal directories.

He serves as a Delegate and International Observer of the International Bar Association (IBA) regarding human rights. Also, he has served as a delegate of the Spanish Association for the International Law of Human Rights (aeDIDH). He overtook an outstanding and decisive role in the judicial processes of the most relevant political prisoners in Venezuela during the last years, where the cases against the political leader Leopoldo López and the judge María Lourdes Afiuni stand out. He also acted as an adviser and consultant in relevant cases such as Casas de Bolsa and Leopoldo López Mendoza, forming and participating actively in their international defence.

Luis Fernando has excelled in the defence of recognized foreign companies and individuals in important criminal, disciplinary, prosecutorial and administrative cases that have been of great national and international relevance and impact, and are among the most renowned cases of corruption in the country and in the region.

Between 2013 and 2015, he served as legal vice president and general secretary of a Colombian hydrocarbons exploration and production company, a position from which he retired to continue his professional practice in his law firm.

He is an international lecturer and has been an adjunct professor at the Universities of Los Andes and Rosario, as well as at the Universidad Católica Andrés Bello (Caracas – Venezuela). He practices as an adviser, consultant, and litigant in Corporate & Business Law, Oil & Gas, Business Criminal, Disciplinary, Fiscal, International Criminal, and Human Rights.

Writings and Publications

This is why we need to keep sending our lawyers to Observe International Trials – 2016

Falsedad Ideológica y la Buena Fe Objetiva
JD Supra – 2010.

Firm Description

V&V is an important and recognized boutique law firm established in the city of Bogotá D.C., committed to reaching excellence in the services we provide, thus becoming a strategic ally of our clients in each of the cases and businesses that are put to our consideration.

We have a prominent and structured work team within which stands out its great capacity, competence, knowledge, skill, ethics, diligence and commitment, as well as the existing synergy between the experience and youth of its lawyers, which has led us to be at the forefront and to successfully practicing in innovative and different law areas, thus achieving, positioning, reliability, reputation and recognition at a national and international level.

The confidentiality, responsibility, seriousness, professionalism, specialty, skill and opportunity in the handling of the problematic and the subjects entrusted by our clients, has allowed us to successfully trace creative solutions, techniques and innovative strategies in the prevention and resolution of conflicts, as well as successfully structuring and developing them, combining and harmoniously articulating the different disciplines of our team.

We provide our professional services in matters of litigation, advice and consulting to companies in the private and public sector, business organizations, individuals, national and foreign -in the different sectors of the economy and throughout the national territory-, in different areas of law.

V&V has participated in various national and international transactions and negotiations in different sectors, advising local and foreign clients, successfully completing the assigned tasks. This is why, we have been recognized by prestigious international publications, guides and specialized directories as a recommended firm in our country and awarded consecutively as the law firm of the year in matters of advice, litigation and dispute resolution in the different areas of its specialty.

Likewise, the firm has important alliances in different countries, as with correspondent firms and private entities, fundamental support in the adequate customer service and in the improvement of its business. Our Professional services are provided in Spanish, English and French.


Adriana Zapata

Leaders in Law endorses Adriana Zapata as our exclusively recommended Administrative Law expert in Colombia. If you wish to get in touch with Adriana please use the contact information provided above.


Doctor of Law; Universidad Externado de Colombia, Bogotá 2010.

Master of International Law; Pantheon-Assas University Paris II Sorbonne, Paris 1991

Specialist in International Private Law, Diplôme Superieur de I’Université, Paris II (September 1989 – March 1990).

Financial Law Specialist; Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá 1985.

Lawyer; Universidad Externado de Colombia, Bogotá 1983.


Universidad de Barcelona, Research fellow (September to December 2007)

Universidad de Granada – España, World Congress of Law and Globalization (May 2005)

Kellogg, Northwestern University Negotiation Strategies for Managers (March 1995)

University of California, Berkeley, Strategic Human Resources Management (December 1994)



Universidad Externado de Colombia. Finance Government and International Relations Faculty: Lecture in International Negotiation and Procurement, 1996, 1999-2000, undergraduate

School of Law: International Procurement Sources and Private International Law, graduates since 1998 to present; II Economic Law Seminar, 1992

ta internacional de mercaderías, en: Acuerdos Internacionales de Facilitación del Comercio Internacional”. Ministerio de Justicia y del Derecho, Bogotá, 1997.

Autora “Compraventa Internacional”, en: Derecho de la Distribución Comercial. B/teca Millennio, el Navegante Editores, Bogotá, 1995.



Partner – Director, CAVELIER ABOGADOS (2010- Present)

Arbitrator, Bogotá and Medellin Chambers of Commerce (From September, 2008 – Present)

Head of the Business Law Department, Universidad Externado de Colombia (From May 1997 – Present)


Legal Vice-president and General Secretary, Banco Av Villas (1998-2007)

Partner, Consultores Internacionales (February 1997 – November 1998)

Partner, Zapata & Asociados, (January 1996 – January 1997)

Administrative Vicepresident, Avianca S.A., Sam S.A., Helicol S.A., (September 1994 – December 1995)

Administrative Vice-president, Avianca, SAM y Helicolativa (1992-1994)

Subsidiaries Division Director and Secretary of the Board of Directors, Bavaria (1988-1989)

General Secretary, Head of the Legal Department, Invercrédito S.A., (August 1987 – September 1988)

Attorney for the Legal Department, Invercrédito S.A. (April 1984 – 1987)


International Academy of Comparative Law, Henri Capitant Association

International Bar Association –IBA-

President of the Colombian Subcommittee of the CCI in Trade Practices

Member of the Drafting Committee of the New Arbitration Law 1563, 2012

Member of the Regulatory Committee of the Security interest Act. 1676, 2013

The Firm 

Founded by Germán CAVELIER in 1953, CAVELIER ABOGADOS combines experience and innovation and stands out as a leading firm in several fields of law. Using the most modern legal infrastructure and technology, the firm offers its clients legal services in both Colombia and abroad, making it a strategic partner for business development. The firm represents local and foreign clients from diverse economic sectors and industries, providing professional, comprehensive legal advice and optimal service in a timely fashion.


Martha Bonett


  • 2003. Diploma Course on Economic Law from Pontificia Universidad Javeriana (Bogotá, Colombia)
  • 1999. Associative Training Program in Corporate Law, Sidley and Austin (Chicago, United States)
  • 1989. LLM in Economic Law from the International London School of Economics and Political Science (London, England)
  • 1987. Attorney from Universidad Externado de Colombia (Bogotá, Colombia)

Work Experience

  • 2015–currently. Partner at Cavelier Abogados (Bogotá, Colombia)
  • 2012–currently. Head of the Business Law Department at Cavelier Abogados (Bogotá, Colombia)
  • 2012–currently. Adjunct Professor for the Commercial Law and Introduction to Law courses at Colegio de Estudios Superiores de Administración (CESA) (Bogotá, Colombia)
  • 2006–2012. Legal Manager at Atento Colombia S.A. (Bogotá, Colombia)
  • 2004–2006. Consultant Attorney at Interactivo Contact Center S.A. (Bogotá, Colombia)
  • 2002–2004. Associate Attorney at José Lloreda Camacho & Co. (Bogotá, Colombia)
  • 2000–2002. Secretary-General, Legal Director at Centro Colombiano de Información y Mercadeo S.A. (Bogotá, Colombia)
  • 1992–1996. Secretary-General, Legal Director at Helicópteros Nacionales de Colombia S.A. (Bogotá, Colombia)

Practice Areas

• Business Law


• Spanish
• English

Firm Description

Cavelier Abogados is inspired by a vision of excellence and innovation. Our passion for knowledge set the basis for one of the law firms with the greatest tradition and recognition in the fields of Business Law and Intellectual Property in Colombia and abroad. This leadership is synonymous with quality and trust for the more than 24,000 domestic and international clients that we have advised over 67 years.

In 2016, CAVELIER ABOGADOS was certified as the foremost innovative firm in Colombia and expanded its offices to Medellin. With an experienced team of more than 30 lawyers, 11 patent experts, 19 paralegals, and a technical and administrative staff of 39 people, we are prepared to meet the needs of entrepreneurs and small, medium and large companies.

In addition to the awards that major international law firm directories such as Chambers & Partners, Legal 500 and Managing Intellectual Property (MIP) have granted to CAVELIER ABOGADOS for over seven years, the firm placed tenth in the first ranking of the 25 most innovative companies in Colombia, published by ANDI (National Industrialists’ Association) and Dinero Magazine.


Felipe Ospina Acosta

Leaders in Law endorses Felipe Ospina as our exclusively recommended Estate Planning Law expert in Colombia. If you wish to get in touch with Felipe please use the contact information provided above.

Felipe Ospina is a partner at DLA Piper Martínez Neira (Colombia), where he leads the tax law practice and actively participates in mergers and acquisitions transactions.

His previous practice was focused on tax litigation and consultancy for companies in the agricultural, insurance, cement, energy, pensions, metallurgical and telecommunications sectors, among others. He has advised government entities on issues related to public finances, tax law and telecommunications regulations, and has significant experience in tax planning both of companies and families.

Before joining the firm, he was a senior associate at Philippi Prietocarrizosa & Uria (2012-2014) and Plazas Vega Abogados (2005-2012).


LL.M., Law, International Economic Law and Policy, Universidad de Barcelona (Spain) (2013)

Tax Law Postgraduate Program, Universidad del Rosario (Colombia) (2008)

Abogado, (J.D. Equivalent), Universidad del Rosario (Colombia) (2005)

Areas of Practise

Corporate Law / M&A’s

Estate Planning

Tax Law