Adina Chilim-Dumitriu

Leaders in Law endorses Adina Chilim-Dumitriu as our exclusively recommended expert in Romania. If you wish to get in touch with Adina please use the contact information provided above.

Co-head of the firm’s Public Procurement and PPP practice together with Adriana Gaspar and of the Corporate/M&A practice together with Gabriela Cacerea, Ruxandra Bologa and Adriana Gaspar, and Head of the Telecommunications and Media practice, Adina Chilim-Dumitriu is particularly experienced in the sectors requiring technical knowledge and abilities – public procurement, telecommunications and energy.

With over 23 years of experience at NNDKP, she is renowned for handling large mergers and acquisitions deals; has assisted various clients in respect of their participation to public procurement procedures, borrowers and lenders in connection with complex financing transactions and has developed particular expertise in the gas field, as well as in cross-border energy projects.

Her expertise covers:

  • public procurement both in relation to consultancy in public procurement projects – from analysis of award documentation requirements to assistance in drafting the offers, as well as regards challenges in front of the National Council for Settlement of Public Procurement Contracts (CNSC) and the competent courts of appeal)
  • privatizations
  • mergers and acquisitions
  • media and telecommunications law
  • energy (with particular expertise in natural gas projects, including trans-border energy projects)
  • contract negotiations
  • business transfers and outsourcing
  • project finance

Industry Focus


  • University of Bucharest Law School, Law Degree
  • Certificate of international legal practice “Strategic Directions for International Practice”, New York City Bar Association
  • 8th School of Project Finance, Euromoney Legal Training, St. Catherine’s College, Oxford, UK

Firm Description:

NNKDP has always been committed to outstanding legal and tax services and exceptional client relationship management. Guided by these principles, we learned along the years that geographical boundaries are no longer the limits of our interactions with clients. Thus, we joined forces with peers who share the same vision and approach when it comes to offering the most suitable legal and tax support to our clients’ business interests, anywhere these may arise.

Thanks to our firm’s reputation in this profession and to our standing in the domestic legal market, NNDKP is the exclusive member firm in Romania of:

  • Lex Mundi – the world’s leading network of premier independent law firms
  • World Services Group – the world’s largest multidisciplinary network of professional services firms
  • SEE Legal – the largest provider of legal services through the Southeastern Europe region

Testimonial to our global mindset, our affiliations are an integral part of NNDKP’s constant efforts to ensure for our clients access to:

  • genuine client-centric approach
  • capabilities across jurisdictions of interest
  • expert advice from first class lawyers worldwide


Juan Carlos Castillo Chacón

Leaders in Law endorses Juan Carlos Castillo Chacón as our exclusively recommended Energy Law expert in Guatemala. If you wish to get in touch with Juan please use the contact information provided above.

Partner serving as head of the Mergers and Acquisitions, Banking, and Finance departments of the firm.

Ranked amongst the three top lawyers in Guatemala for mergers and acquisitions by Latin American Corporate Counsel Association – LACCA.

Currently recognized as a top practitioner in the Guatemalan and Central American legal market.

Juan Carlos has participated in some of the largest and most important transactions in Guatemala.

He has a wide experience in counselling non-profit organizations.


1991 – Master of Laws by Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1991 – Bachelor of Law and Social Sciences, Magna Cum Laude, by Universidad Francisco Marroquín, Guatemala, Guatemala.

Professional Experience

2007 – present Partner at Aguilar Castillo Love

1999 – 2007 President of the Guatemalan Stock Exchange Market.

1998 – Legal Advisor to the Government of Guatemala in the Privatization of Guatemala’s Seaports and Airports.

1996 – Legal Advisor to the Government of Guatemala in the Privatization of Electric Power Generation and Distribution Companies.

1993 – 2001 Head Professor of Public International Law at Universidad Francisco Marroquín, Guatemala.


Judicial Independence in Guatemala: A Critical Analysis, published in Harvard Law School, 1991.

Awards and Recognition

Ranked as one of the three top lawyers in Guatemala for mergers and acquisitions by Latin American Corporate Counsel Association – LACCA.


Juan Carlos serves as “trusted advisor” to his clients. His comprehensive knowledge in business and Law gives his clients security and confidence that they will receive an accurate and honest legal advice. He invests time and effort understanding the priorities and needs of the client’s transaction and, as a result, obtains his clients’ loyalty. His experience and knowledge characterize him. Juan Carlos has successfully led the regional firm in a broad scope of Due Diligence Transactions.

The legal advices provided by Juan Carlos do not stop in making a profound analysis of the transaction to understand the Law’s implications, but they also comprise the context of the client’s transaction in order to provide a comprehensive solution.

He is a practical and efficient attorney, with great ability to critical analysis, an above-average analytical capacity, and the necessary tools to convey knowledge to the client. He is intuitive, attentive to detail, accurate, and has the ability to anticipate the needs and risks of the client.

Mr. Castillo is constantly described by clients as “the lawyer with the most capacity in this area in all of Central America” (speaking of the Finance area of practice, Legal500).

The integrity, knowledge and skills that characterize Juan Carlos has allowed him to participate in some of the biggest acquisitions in the history of Guatemala, such as the sale of Generation Assets of Empresa Eléctrica de Guatemala, S.A.; the Sale of Shares (80%) of the same company; the acquisition of all the assets of Shell in Central America; and a percentage of the entity Royal Forest Holding (RFH) and its subsidiaries in Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, among many other projects. He has also advised on some of the largest financing deals in Guatemala, recently, in the issuance of bonds by two companies in the energy industry for US$ 300M and US$ 450 M.


Spanish / English


  • Guatemalan Bar Association
  • International Bar Association -IBA-
  • Harvard Law School Alumni Association

Firm Description

Aguilar Castillo Love has always been at the forefront of legal change and landmark legal cases across Latin America. We have consistently redefined what it means to be a leading law firm and continue to provide the highest level of customer service and quality legal advice to a prestigious client base, domestic, regional and international.

We are one of the leading law firms in Latin America as recognized by directories such as Chambers and Partners, The Legal 500Latin Lawyer 250, and Latin Lawyer Elite. Our position is reflected in the fact that we work with some of the most highly regarded global law firms including many of the Global Elite and Magic Circle law firms such as Cravath, Linklaters, Freshfields, Slaughter and May, Wachtell Lipton and White & Case, among others.

Clients expect the best from us. We have built a reputation of providing the highest quality of legal advice as well as the highest level of personalized service. In addition, our reputation for transparency and business integrity through the law sets us apart from our competitors and continues to attract top talent to the firm.


Aguilar Castillo Love is the product of business and legal traditions that reach back for several centuries beginning in Guatemala and Costa Rica. We combine the best of what tradition and longevity has to offer with the innovative approaches and fresh perspectives of the new generations of lawyers at the firm. Our philosophy and culture have evolved over many generations. Bufete Aguilar was the first law firm in Costa Rica, founded by Don Manuel Aguilar Chacón in the 1820s. Don Manuel was known as the “the first Costa Rican lawyer”, making the name Aguilar the oldest still active in the Central American legal community. Castillo took part in the foundation of Guatemala, and the family created one of the region’s biggest business conglomerates.

The modern law firms that were the immediate predecessors of Aguilar Castillo Love were established in the 1960s: John Aguilar & Asociados, (a re-establishment of Bufete Aguilar by John Aguilar Osborne in Costa Rica), and Bufete Castillo Love (founded by Francisco J. Castillo Love in Guatemala). By the time they came together, both firms already had a long history of serving major regional and international businesses in complex commercial transactions and dispute resolution in Central America.

An agreement to embark on a joint regional venture was made between the current senior partners, John Aguilar Quesada and Juan Carlos Castillo Chacón, whilst at Harvard Law School where they both obtained their LLM degree. This journey began in 1991 and evolved into the first truly Central American initiative and law firm. It concluded with a formal integration in February 2006.  Aguilar Castillo Love has consistently championed women in the legal profession being one of the first firms to name a female partner in Nicaragua, and subsequently in other countries of the region.

Our vision for our role as a law firm is born of our above described heritage, a continued emphasis across the years on ensuring we lead the industry, leveraging our longevity and trust in the market and with clients, to introduce new ideas and concepts that address current day challenges. Our ethos is drawn from many models, realities, and lessons. It has been long tested. The decisions we make in the present have a direct impact on our clients’ futures. In a world of noise, distraction, short-termism and volatility, in a world that demands ‘modernity’ for modernity’s sake, we know the value of knowing who we are and the value we bring. It doesn’t mean we don’t move with the times. Quite the opposite, it qualifies us to lead. Proof of the foregoing is the many recognitions the law firm has received over the past few years including, the recognition by the Women Economic Forum 2019, Latin America, as one of the “Iconic Companies Creating a Better World for All”, for the work the firm hands for the non-profit She Is (  in Central America. She Is works with high-risk women in severe economic need- helping to turn crafts and services into businesses.


François Ferrari

Leaders in Law endorses François Ferrari as our exclusively recommended Energy Law expert in France. If you wish to get in touch with François please use the contact information provided above.

François Ferrari is heading ACTAH and takes care of the team in charge of Energy Law. 


  • Secretary of Regional Medef
  • Professor at State « Ecole des Mines »
  • Member of Economic Chamber
  • Founder of Managers Club
  • Skipper of “Voiles de l’espoir”

Firm Description

Our Philosophy

Your lawyer is your counsel.

Prior to any litigation and regardless of any dispute, you can consult it to make sure of the strategy to adopt in your professional and commercial relations current or occasional operations.


Before any litigation, we undertake to carry out with you the finest analysis of the problem submitted, to submit the strengths and weaknesses of your situation.

You will be given the procedure to take if necessary but also the strategy allowing you to avoid a procedure when possible. In any case, you will be informed of the exact cost of each option in terms of fees.

You will make your decision knowing full well.


Some situations can not be settled amicably. Sometimes it is necessary to resort to legal proceedings to assert one’s rights. It is not uncommon that such a procedure is then interrupted at the request of your opponent to compromise.

If you choose to initiate the action, our entire firm and, if applicable, its correspondents are mobilized to take the necessary steps in the shortest possible time.


The role of the lawyer is also to harmonize the positions of the parties, ie to agree on initially divergent points of view.

As a copywriter, we will bring you our experience of litigation to exclude from your written agreements any clause that may be interpreted. Thus, in case of inevitable litigation on the said act, you have clear benchmarks on its outcome.


Federico Rodríguez

Leaders in Law endorses Federico Rodríguez as our exclusively recommended Energy Law expert in Chile. If you wish to get in touch with Federico please use the contact information provided above.

Federico Rodríguez leads the Energy and Natural Resources practice area at Baraona Fischer & Cia and provides advice on corporate business matters to clients from various industries. He has vast experience in regulatory and transactional matters. He has been involved in cross-border transactions in the mining, energy and salmon industrial sectors, venture capital, private placements, IPO, mergers and acquisitions in the main international stockmarkets including Canada, Great Britain, Australia and the United States. During the last years, he has been involved in relevant transactions mainly related to the generation of clean energy, in the first projects of electric mobility in Chile and exploitation of lithium.

Mr. Rodríguez earned his Law Degree from the Diego Portales University, has a Diploma in Tax Planning from the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and LL.M. of the London School of Economics and Political Science. He has been a partner of Baraona Fischer & Cia since 2013 and previously was Legal and Compliance Director at Asesorías e Inversiones Benjamín S.A.; Director of SalmonChile AG Director; and Chairman of the Board of Australis Seafoods S.A., of Hampton Mining Limited, among many others.

Practice areas:

  • Energy and Natural Resources
  • Venture Capital
  • Private Equity
  • General Corporate Practice
  • Mergers and Acquisitions

Firm Description

Baraona Fischer & Cia offers a unique combination of tax expertise, business experience, creativity and innovation to provide customized solutions for our clients.

Our team stands-out for understanding in detail the needs of each client, to deliver integral solutions through our tax, business and financial practice.

Our clients include national companies, foreign institutional and private investors, family businesses, and their owners. Our portfolio is made up of clients in diverse areas of the industry, such as the financial and banking sector, fishing and aquaculture, mining, production, food, energy, services and commerce, among others, both in the private and public areas.


Adnan Amkhan Bayno

Leaders in Law endorses Adnan Amkhan Bayno as our exclusively recommended Energy Law expert in Bahrain. If you wish to get in touch with Adnan please use the contact information provided above.

Adnan, a Chartered Arbitrator, is a highly experienced international lawyer and international arbitration practitioner, both as counsel and arbitrator. He has developed a reputation for his extensive knowledge and experience in the fields of international law, international energy law, the Energy Charter Treaty and Middle Eastern investment and commercial laws. Adnan served as Head of the Legal Affairs Department of the Energy Charter Secretariat in Brussels from 2000-2004, during which time he was heavily involved in the negotiation of the Transit Protocol and the drafting of Model Agreements on the transportation of energy.

Before and after his time at the Energy Charter Secretariat, Adnan has advised governments, international organizations, multinational corporations and private clients on a wide range of issues relating to international law, energy law, international investment law, international commercial arbitration, Energy Charter Treaty, and Middle Eastern and Islamic laws. Adnan has given expert legal opinions before domestic and international courts and tribunals, including the International Court of Justice, the International Chamber of Commerce and the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce.

Most recently, Adnan was a member of an international legal team that advised the Government of Bahrain on the implementation of BICI’s recommendations.

In addition to his practice, Adnan has extensive academic experience: he has taught and supervised postgraduate students in a range of courses including energy security, international law, international economic law, international and European energy law, international investment and commercial arbitration, and the commercial laws of the Middle East.

Firm Description

Mena Chambers Bahrain is a boutique law firm, a branch of the Mena Chambers group with its headquarters in Brussels, Belgium.

Mena Chambers Bahrain provides advice to governments, companies, banks and private individuals on issues pertaining to the laws of Bahrain and other Arab jurisdictions.

Our areas of expertise include:

• BCDR-AAA Disputes

• Corporate, Commercial & Investment Law

• Constructions & Real Estate Disputes

• Energy Disputes

• International Arbitration

• Commercial Litigation

We are committed to providing our clients with first class legal assistance and support. Our commitment to existing and potential clients is driven by our core principles and values: trust, professionalism, transparency & integrity.


Ismaail Askerov

Ismail is the Managing Partner of MGB Law Offices with over 23 years of experience in corporate, project finance, telecom and aircraft finance. He has been representing oil and gas corporations, export credit agencies and international financial institutions (such as EBRD and IFC) on cross border financing and high profile M&A projects. His experience also extends to advising consortium of international and investment banks and credit agency in downstream financing in connection with a multi-million facility for the development, construction of a major refinery in Turkey (“Project Star”) as well as syndicated finance of the foreign lenders on the well-known BTC pipeline project. He has been regularly advising oil and gas service companies on creation of joint venture companies and strategic alliances with Azerbaijani companies.

Ismail has also extensively assisted his multinational clients on various legal matters including energy, data protection, franchising/distribution and aircraft finance/lease  matters. For many years he has been providing practical regulatory advice in heavily regulated industries, such as oil and gas, banking, insurance, aviation and pharmaceuticals. Ismail is Leading Lawyer and highly recommended by Legal 500, IFLR and Chambers Global.


Diploma in Law, , Moscow Academy of Economics, Finance and Law1989

Academic Study in Law, Centre for Commercial Law Studies, University of London, 1994

Admitted to Practice

Azerbaijan and Russia – 1989

Member of the Collegium of Advocates of the Republic of Azerbaijan entitles, inter alia, to appear before the Supreme Court of the Republic of Azerbaijan), since 2004

Member of International Bar Association, since 1992

Professional Honours

Leading Lawyer, IFLR1000 Financial and Corporate, 2016-2017

Leading Lawyer, Legal 500 EMEA 2017

Highly Ranked Lawyer, Chambers Asia Pacific, 2017


Corporate and M&A

Project Finance 

Oil and Gas

Contracts Aviation

Firm Description

Established in 1995, MGB Law Offices is an independent full practice business law firm based in Baku, Azerbaijan. Our team of experienced attorneys offer specialist support that prioritises accuracy, reliability and consistency. We offer legal advice on corporate and business transactions in Azerbaijan, including mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures, real estate investments, cross-border finance, tax aviation and telecommunication matters, as well as intellectual property and technology licensing issues. 

Our expertise span a range of industry sectors, with recent clients including blue-chip multinationals, international financial institutions, insurance companies and businesses involved in energy, consumer goods and retail, healthcare, telecoms, transport and logistics. We have also become one of the first practices in Azerbaijan to provide comprehensive legal support for foreign investors, cooperating successfully with both English and American law firms. And our strong team of litigation lawyers regularly represent international clients on their commercial, tax and employment related disputes before local courts.

Our in-depth knowledge of the local business environment has made us one of the leading firms in Azerbaijan. Our dedication to offering a high quality and cost-effective service has meant that we have consistently ranked as the top tier law firm by the IFLR1000 and Legal500, and by Chambers and Partners as the leading practice.


Martin Klapper

Martin is a strategic and big picture thinker and his clients value the whole of project expertise he offers. His lengthy career has seen him advise on the development of legislation, negotiate with governments and regulatory bodies, and in many cases, break new ground in his work on many ‘first-of-its-kind’ projects or agreements. He is a skilled negotiator and a very accomplished legal adviser.

Martin is a former President of Australia’s Resources and Energy Law Association (AMPLA), a chair of the Queensland Law Society Mining and Resources Committee, and a member for the Queensland advisory board for AMEC (Association for Mining Exploration Companies).

Martin was included in The Best Lawyers™ in Australia 2021 for Energy Law; Mining Law; Oil and Gas Law.

Firm Description

We solve legal and commercial problems by bringing together the right people with the skills and experience required to navigate the issues at hand. When required, that will be a very large team from across our practice, but more often than not, it’s a much smaller team than our clients expect. That means we deliver the solutions that our clients are looking for in a way that keeps value high and costs low.


Joao Bravo da Costa

Practice Areas

  • Corporate / M&A
  • Banking & Finance
  • Energy and Natural Resources

Academic Background

  • Law degree from the law faculty of Universidade Católica de Lisboa, 2005
  • Admitted to the Portuguese Bar Association in 2008
  • Admitted to the Angolan Bar Association in 2009
  • Candidate to the New York State Bar Association
  • Postgraduate course in business management law from the law faculty of Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2007
  • LLM in banking, corporate and financial law from Fordham Law School, New York, May 2011

Professional Background

  • Miranda, Correia, Amendoeira & Associados law firm, Lisbon and Luanda offices, 2007


  • Participant at the Workshop “Training for Panel of International Finance Corporation (IFC) Local Transaction Counsel – World Bank Group”, Johannesburg, South Africa, 2009
  • Lecturer at the Seminar “Legal Aspects of Procurement of Services by Oil Companies” in the Angolan Liquefied Natural Gas Project, Soyo, Angola, 2009
  • Lecturer at the Seminar “Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA)”, Luanda, Angola, 2009
  • Lecturer at the Seminar “Angolanization: Laws and Compliance”, Luanda, Angola, 2014

Awards and Rankings

  • 2016 IFLR recognised João Bravo da Costa as Rising Star for the areas of Infrastructure and Oil & Gas
  • 2017 Legal 500 Recommended João Bravo da Costa
  • 2018 IFLR recognised João Bravo da Costa as Rising Star for the areas of Financial and Corporate; Project Development; Energy and Infrastructure and Corporate / M&A
  • 2019 IFLR recognised João Bravo da Costa as Rising Star for the areas of Project Finance; Energy and Infrastructure; Corporate / M&A and Banking

Firm Description

BCSA is a Law Firm that brings together leading Angolan professionals who share a strong interest and satisfaction in practicing law in Angola and for Angola in strict compliance with the professional and ethical rules of the Angolan Bar Association.

BCSA’s professional team is made up of a number of lawyers with different areas of practice and levels of seniority. These lawyers have gained professional and academic experience in Angola and abroad thereby giving them an international perspective on their legal work.

BCSA’s lawyers have an unparalleled ability to provide legal support across all areas of the law and economic sectors through which they aim to provide a skilled response to their clients’ needs in accordance with the highest standards of professionalism, ethics and precision.


Mary Mackintosh Allan

Mary Allan is a partner in the firm’s Muscat office. Her practice focuses on energy and infrastructure projects and privatisations. She has extensive experience in the Arabian legal marketplace having lived and worked in the region for over 20 years, including three years in Egypt, four years in Dubai and over ten years in Oman.

Ms Allan has a particular specialty in the power and water sectors, having advised both public and private sector clients over the last 10 years in relation to the Arab region’s ongoing programme of independent power projects. She also advised the Oman government with respect to the region’s only independent desalinated water project to date.

Ms Allan also has an extensive client base in the energy sector (both upstream and downstream), and regularly advises clients in relation to acquisitions and sales of interests in oil and gas production sharing agreements, and additionally in relation to oilfield services. Having lived and worked in Oman for over ten years, Ms Allan has also developed a particular expertise in relation to Oman commercial law, particularly as applicable to energy and infrastructure projects and privatisations.

Ms. Allan is recommended as a leading lawyer in the field of Projects & Energy in Oman by Legal 500 EMEA. She is noted for bringing her pedigree to a range of infrastructure matters, particularly in the power, electricity and water sectors. Chambers Global also recognizes Ms. Allan, whom is described as an extremely well-respected lawyer in the energy and infrastructure sector, as a leading Corporate/Commercial lawyer in Oman.

Curtis, Mallet-Prevost:

Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle LLP, founded in 1830, is one of the first U.S. law firms to develop a truly international practice. Dedicated to counseling clients involved with some of the most challenging transnational transactions and complex multijurisdictional disputes, Curtis represents multinational companies, international financial institutions, governments and state-owned entities, family and other privately held businesses, entrepreneurs, and high-net-worth individuals. With 17 offices in the United States, Latin America, Europe, the Middle East, Central Asia and East Asia, we are located in the key business centers in which our clients need us most.

Curtis lawyers come from diverse backgrounds, are multilingual and have been educated at some of the finest schools worldwide. Our lawyers bring a global perspective, incorporating a deep understanding of political and cultural sensitivities in addressing our clients’ legal needs, and exemplifying what it means to be international business lawyers.

Curtis prides itself in providing more than just high-quality legal counsel. Our lawyers work tirelessly to forge strong business relationships with our clients. In addition, our knowledge of the commercial and strategic aspects of our clients’ industry sectors provides us with a clear understanding of each matter’s particular economic drivers, risks and opportunities.

Clients value our ability to offer creative, sophisticated, yet pragmatic solutions to their many challenges. Our client teams, led by a relationship partner, are made up of lawyers who collectively have the requisite skill set and experience to meet the client’s needs. Matters are staffed efficiently and cost-effectively with teams comprised of both senior and junior lawyers who leverage the firm’s collective capabilities and international platform, while deploying the most current and secure communications technology. Clients receive updates on legal developments in a variety of ways, including in-house seminars, client alerts and blogs.

Our culture emphasizes respectful and constructive collaboration and communication not only with our clients, but also with counterparties and their advisors. Curtis lawyers strive to ensure the success of complex, fast-moving transactions and high-stakes disputes that typify today’s global business environment. For over 180 years, our dedication and commitment has earned us the confidence and trust of our clients, many of which have been turning to the firm for advice for decades.

Salman Mahmood

Salman has been in the legal profession since 1996 and has extensive experience in the energy sector of Pakistan.

His practice with the firm focuses on oil and gas business, commercial contracts, agencies, media, intellectual and industrial property, telecommunications, hospitality industry, project finance and engineering, procurement and construction.

He advises a diverse range of corporate and institutional clients in the areas of dispute management and negotiations, public tenders and awards, human resources management and contract drafting and negotiations.

Salman has an LLB degree from University of Punjab in Pakistan and an LLM degree in Commercial and Corporate Law from the University of London in the United Kingdom.

He is licensed as an Advocate of the High Court by the Punjab Bar Council in Pakistan.

He is fluent in Urdu and English.

Sultan Al-Abdulla & Partners:

We aim to provide clients with comprehensive legal support for their business activities in Qatar. Our firm is recognised for its strong practice and it ranks among the top law firms in Qatar in the principle areas of law.

Our social responsibility mission and strategy is to provide high quality legal services to our clients and engage in active community involvement.

Sultan Al-Abdulla & Partners is actively participating in programmes like mentoring and externship programmes with the College of Law in the Qatar University. We are aiding legal talents to help prepare the new generation of Qatari legal professionals to help them cope with requirements of the present market needs.

Sultan Al-Abdulla & Partners has clients from many different industry sectors. Our client base has grown significantly and includes both established businesses looking to increase market share and new market entrants, multinational corporations, growing national and international companies turning to us for our expertise and legal assistance.