Ralph Sauti Jr. LL.M, LL.B, BA

Leaders in Law endorses Ralph Sauti Jr. as our exclusively recommended Commercial Law expert in Malawi. If you wish to get in touch with Ralph, please use the contact information provided above.

Managing Counsel

Ralph, has experience in the areas of Commerce both as an academician with Malawi University of Business and Applied Sciences and as a private practice legal practitioner.  Very grounded in both theory and practice, he has over the years, provided services at various levels such as provision of drafting, legal advice and litigation to individuals as well as corporate clients in areas of Civil and Commercial law.

Sauti & Company

Who we are

We are an elite law firm with a team of qualified personnel which commenced on 1st September, 2015 under the sole management of Mr Ralph Sauti Jr, a licensed legal practitioner. Situated along Victoria Avenue in Delamere House (5th floor). Our Services include; advisory, negotiating and drafting commercial transactions, litigation and training   

Our Goal

To be a responsive, reliable, tailored and predictable legal partner to our clients thereby making them favorably carry out their core functions or compete on the market by offering diverse legal solutions that advance our clients’ goals

Our Value

We have expertise in civil and commercial law. We provide services in a manner that our clients are able to follow, with real time reporting. We have a specialized team assigned to handle needs of clients


To provide client-oriented legal services through creative and strategic solutions that are cost effective and executed with speed, efficacy and character


To be a preferred legal services provider that has a lasting impact on our clients’ social and economic goals both locally and internationally

Core Values


It is in our policy to prioritize the interests our clients when handling their cases. We demonstrate the highest ethical standards in delivering top-notch legal services while exercising transparency, dignity and total commitment regardless of the client’s economic or social status and background.


Our firm strives to provide exceptional services to our clients in the areas we have the legal expertise and are available. We use our experience not just to assure our client of success but also of the cost implications of our client’s instructions. We analyse issues and offer creative and strategic solutions that ultimately minimize cost of dispute resolution.


For our clients to value our excellence, we adhere to affective administrative measures including advanced information technology to make our client’s experience simple and satisfying. Our aim is to always be in close contact with our clients as we carry out their assignment. We use cutting-edge online practice management software that keeps our client in the know on every case at every given moment in the comfort of the client’s office or vicinity.  We work with our clients in whatever way and wherever is most convenient for them – face-face, over the phone or online video conferencing and emails

Team Work

At Sauti and Company, we believe in collaborative teamwork and we exercise caution in the recruitment and selection of our personnel, legal or otherwise, by ensuring that a clear path is developed for each person. By bringing together 
hardworking and highly ethical people and encouraging them to develop their talents, we deliver exceptional services for the benefit of our clients and of the firm as a whole. Being a growing firm, we pride ourselves in garnering a team which is not only competent in matters of law, but also a team that is able to understand management dynamics that influence decision making at various institutional
levels. With this, we help our clients obtain a better service on all fronts. We work with legal teams, and contact personnel who are able to follow our services almost in real time.


Being a client-oriented firm, we offer modest charges to our clients. We are able to work on budget-based litigation as evidenced in our minimum scale rates, flat rates and hourly rates. Our hourly rates are based on minimum wages as approved by Malawi Law Society. Without the expense and distractions of a traditional office environment, our costs to our client are nearly exact and reasonable through our transparent manner in which billing is done accumulatively within the full purview of our client as and when a service is being rendered. We use our client portal to help our clients follow progress of our billing in the court of carrying out our client’s assignment.We also emphasize in minimizing consultation costs through contact in media that is safe and time saving, for example video conferencing.


Philip Lopatka

Leaders in Law endorses Philip Lopatka as our exclusively recommended Commercial Law expert in Canada. If you wish to get in touch with Philip please use the contact information provided above.

Philip has been a practising Lawyer since 2005, providing expertise, advice and legal services clients can trust in a cost-effective manner for over 16 years of practice.

Philip has a diverse clientele with an expansive range of legal transactions, documentation, issues and disputes, and in part due to the breadth of his practice, he is fortunate to have had the time and opportunity to forge long lasting relationships with many of his clients.

Philip has also seen the Laws and practice of Law evolve, and he continues to strive to provide expertise, advice and service his clients can trust that is cost-effective, and this challenge has also helped to make the practice of Law engaging and enjoyable throughout his 16 years of practice.

When Philip is not at work he likes to spend time with his friends and family enjoying the fun and variety of activities that Edmonton has to offer.

Areas of Expertise

  • Commercial Matters –  Contract preparation and negotiation, commercial transactions, business purchases and sales;
  • Corporate Matters – Corporate purchases and sales, unanimous shareholders agreements and corporate restructuring, and corporate re-organizations [key employees and succession planning];
  • Real Estate Matters-  Residential, commercial and construction contracts and transactions;
  • Wills and Estate Planning Matters – Wills, enduring power of attorneys etc.;
  • Probate and Estate Administration Matters;
  • Employment Law Matters;
  • Civil Litigation in his areas of practice.

Memberships & Associations

Law Society of Alberta – 2005


University of Alberta – LL.B. [Batchelor of Laws] – 2004

From time to time we get asked why Philip has a LL.B. [Batchelor of Laws] and not a J.D. [Juris Doctorate]. In Canada the LL.B. and J.D. are equivalent, and when Philip graduated in 2004, the University of Alberta Faculty of Law granted  the LL.B. designation. Several years after Philip graduated, the University of Alberta Faculty of Law, amongst many other Canadian Universities, changed the designation they provided from the LL.B. to the J.D., and Philip has chosen to keep his LL.B.

We also from time to time we get asked why Philip does not have an undergraduate degree before he obtained his LL.B. [Batchelor of Laws], and that is because Philip was accepted into the Faculty of Law at the University of Alberta early before he had finished obtaining his Bachelor in Science degree, and chose to pursue his legal career as soon as he could.

Firm Description:

We are an Edmonton law firm with over 16 years of providing experience, advice and service our clients can trust to a wide variety of clients in different stages of their respective lives, businesses and industries.

We provide legal services for commercial matters, business law matters, corporate matters, real estate [commercial and residential] matters, wills and estate planning matters, probate and estate administration matters, employment matters, and civil litigation services.

We offer flexible legal services from full retainers to limited retainers, and flexible fees arrangements including flat fee services, hourly rate services, and contingency fee services.

We offer remote and video conference meetings with a variety of service providers, can be contacted by phone, text, email, fax, or via instant message [Whatsapp, Viber, Facebook Messenger, Line etc.] all available through our website.


Dr. Tamás Hizsák

Leaders in Law endorses Dr. Tamás Hizsák as our exclusively recommended Commercial Law expert in Hungary. If you wish to get in touch with Dr.Tamás, please use the contact information provided above.

Dr. Tamás Hizsák is a Hungarian lawyer with more than 10 years of legal consulting experience. He worked for a leading international tax consulting firm and in international law firms with mainly German clientele before starting his own law firm under the brand name Duna Legal in 2022. He has gained experience especially in commercial law, company law, employment law, real estate law and contract law. Besides his native Hungarian, he is also able to work well in English and German.

Currently he provides legal advisory for his domestic and foreign clients during their Hungarian and cross-border operations. He also supports the team of the Heller Farkas College (Corvinus University of Budapest) in legal matters on a pro bono basis.


  • Eötvös Loránd University, Faculty of Law
  • Universität Trier, exchange program
  • Universität Göttingen, “Deutsche Rechtschule”, Budapest
  • University of Cambridge “Diploma in an Introduction to English and European Union Law”, Budapest

Areas of Expertise

  • Commercial Law
  • Company Law
  • Employment Law
  • Real Estate Law


  • English
  • German

Firm Description:

Our law firm started its independent operation in 2022, with more than 10 years of experience in an international legal consulting environment. We provide our clients with practical legal advice in many areas of business law (especially in commercial law, company law, employment law and real estate law) in a simple, understandable style.

The guarantee of outstanding quality is our preparation, accuracy, dynamism and our complex vision that takes  business aspects into account. Our clients expect the best from us and we do our work every day accordingly.

Our Services

  • Preparation and examination of contracts customary in business life (e.g. sales contracts, contracts for services, commission, lease, deposit, distribution, loan, guarantee, surety and other agreements),
  • Identification and management of legal risks in contractual documents, participation in business negotiations,
  • Elaboration and examination of general terms and conditions, guarantee certificates, and consumer information sheets,
  • Advising on warranty and guarantee issues,
  • Other commercial legal advice and services (e.g. debt collection, litigation, representation in official proceedings).
  • Preparation and examination of contracts customary in business life (e.g. sales contracts, contracts for services, commission, lease, deposit, distribution, loan, guarantee, surety and other agreements),
  • Identification and management of legal risks in contractual documents, participation in business negotiations,
  • Mediation, counseling in disputed situations and representation in employment law lawsuits,
  • Examination and updating of employment law document samples,
  • Consulting related to labor inspections,
  • Sale and gift of commercial, industrial and residential real estate,
  • Encumbrance and relief of real estate (e.g. establishment and cancellation of usufruct, easement),
  • Preparation of contracts related to the utilization of real estate (e.g. rental, lease agreements),
  • Full-scale representation before land registry,
  • Dispute resolution and, if necessary, representation in real estate lawsuits, other real estate-related procedures and advice.


Dr Klaus Oblin LLM

Leaders in Law endorses Klaus Oblin as our exclusively recommended Commercial Law expert in Austria. If you wish to get in touch with Klaus, please use the contact information provided above.

Klaus Oblin has been successfully representing prominent businesses and state-entities for many years. He stands out in cross-border proceedings where politically sensitive issues meet commercial matters and has been consistently engaged as lead counsel and arbitrator in a number of high volume arbitrations under various internationally acknowledged rules.

Drawing from both civil and common law practical experience, he is known for his ability to concurrently lead teams from multiple jurisdictions. He has been serving as management board and steering committee member in various international associations of independent law firms.

Klaus is listed as an attorney of confidence of the embassies of the USA and the United Kingdom of England.

  • Energy
  • M&A
  • Infrastructure & transport
  • Investments
  • Banking & Finance
  • Construction & engineering
  • Chemical & pharmaceutical.
  • Legal studies at the University of Vienna (Mag.iur., Dr.iur. “with high honours”)
  • Post graduate legal studies at the University of San Diego (LL.M. Comparative Law)

English; German; French.

  • Austrian Bar Association Vienna
  • International Chamber of Commerce (“ICC”)
  • Austrian Arbitration Association (“Arb|Aut”)
  • Deutsche Institution für Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit (“DIS”)
  • International Bar Association (“IBA”)
  • International Centre for Dispute Resolution (“ICDR”)
  • European Centre of Tort and Insurance Law (“ECTIL”)
  • American Chamber of Commerce in Austria (“AmCham Austria”)

Firm Description:

OBLIN was established in 2005 and has become a leading international litigation and arbitration law firm based in Vienna, Austria. We are representing businesses in cross-border disputes, i.e. int’l commercial litigation and arbitration proceedings (incl. enforcement) as well as white collar crime matters. Our team consists of 16 counsel covering 6 jurisdictions (bar admissions).

The specialized members of our team combine their multi-disciplinary and international backgrounds to provide profound yet practical solutions. We rely on our expertise and international relations to achieve the expected results.

Our firm is member of four different leading independent legal networks totaling more than 600 firms covering 160 jurisdictions. Our team has been recognized by various int’l institutions and media thus having received 27 awards for its achievements in commercial litigation and arbitration since 2011.

Our core focus lies in the management and resolution of commercial disputes. We assist and represent during all stages of the dispute resolution process striving to develop actionable legal strategies to match our clients’ aspirations in wide-ranging industry sectors. Many of our cases have been referred to us by other attorneys. We are also often asked to act as co-counsel in commercial arbitrations and litigations around the globe.


Mohamed Abayazid

Leaders in Law endorses Mohamed Abayazid as our exclusively recommended Commercial Law expert in Djibouti. If you wish to get in touch with Mohamed, please use the contact information provided above.

Mohamed Abayazid is the founding partner of the company Civil Professional – firm Lawyers & Associates Abayazid and Abdourahman (SCP CAA Law Firm). He was previously a teacher looking at the Faculty of Law of the University of Djibouti. This academic experience makes him an exceptional practitioner.

It assists public companies and foreign investors in the design, negotiation, and realization of investment projects in the field of infrastructure. Many of its missions are done through online consultations for foreign investors.

He is registered with the Bar of Djibouti. He is Vice President of the Africa Business Legal Expertise Pan-African Network (ABLE-CLUB 54) and a member of the International Bar Association.

Practice Areas

  • Business Law
  • Economic Law
  • Maritime Law
  • Transport Law
  • Law of the Sea Energy Law
  • New Technologies Law
  • Environmental Law
  • Tax Law
  • Banking Law
  • Intellectual Property Law
  • Public Investment Law
  • Public Contracts Law – Public Private Partnership (PPP) etc.

Firm Description:

Founded by Maître MOHAMED ABAYAZID and Maître AHMED ABDOURAHMAN, Lawyers at the Court, CAA Law Firm is one of the leading law firms in Djibouti, multidisciplinary, specializing mainly in Business and Investment Law. Structure on a human scale comprising two associate lawyers registered with the Bar of Djibouti and three associates, the firm AVOCATS & ASSOCIES CAA Law Firm maintains a rich and constructive exchange with each of its clients to implement personalized solutions.

With its Pan-African Africa Business Legal Expertise network (ABLE Network – Club 54) and its network of international law firms with solid experience, our firm is able to meet the demands of its clients both in terms of advice and disputes with the requirements of speed, spontaneity and innovation required by the business world.

Succeeding Mr. Abdoulkader DILEITA MOHAMED appointed in 2016 Executive Secretary of the Administrative Tribunal of the African Development Bank, Me MOHAMED ABAYAZID and Me AHMED ABDOURAHMAN CHEIK officially created the Cabinet d’Avocats & Associés – CAA in 2016. To date, our firm has two (2) associate lawyers – founders, graduates of Master 2 Business Law, trained in the traditions of the French and Anglo-Saxon bars and three assistants.

Our firm is recognized as one of the leading Djiboutian law firms in consulting in areas of activity such as bank financing and structured financing, mergers and acquisitions, infrastructure financing, public sector legal reforms, mining, oil, taxation and litigation. Knowledge of Djiboutian law and sub-regional regulations (IGAD countries, EAC, COMESA) allows our firm to develop specializations within it and thus offer companies, public administrations, communities and individuals global expertise. multidisciplinary legal and judicial advice and assistance.

Our firm has the reputation of being a particularly proactive firm, combining working methods corresponding to quality requirements close to the standards of major European firms and an ethical and deontological approach in the processing and management of cases. The firm maintains partnerships with many foreign law firms from the bars of Romano-Germanic traditions and Common Law, especially through the Pan-African Network of which it is a founding member – called Africa Business Legal Expertise (ABLE Net Work Club 54 ).


Liliane Mubanga

Leaders in Law endorses Liliane Mubanga as our exclusively recommended Commercial Law expert in Democratic Republic of the Congo. If you wish to get in touch with Liliane, please use the contact information provided above.

Practice Areas

  • Commercial Law
  • Banking
  • General Trade
  • Construction
  • Mining
  • Hotel Industry


  • Senior Executive of Thambwe-Mwamba & Associés;
  • Member of the International Criminal Bar;
  • Member of the Bar Council of Kinshasa/Gombe from 2011 to 2015;
  • Lawyer at the Bar of Kinshasa/Gombe (1999 to present).


French, English and Swahili

Avocat , Senior Executive

Liliane is mining and quarrying agent; she has a Masters in International Commercial Law from Robert Kennedy College/University of Salford Manchester.

Liliane Mubanga has also had a training in: OHADA; Hydrocarbons; Public Procurement; and insurance, among others.

Commercial Law Practice

Commercial law disputes deal primarily with contract and/or tort laws. It involves issues that arise in the course of running a business at any stage of the commercial cycle.

Such disputes are brought before courts for legal restitution when other methods of resolution, such as arbitration or mediation, have failed to provide a solution acceptable to all interested parties.

Why is commercial law important? 

Commerce is at the core of a democratic society and, in order to be strong economically, it must be attractive to businesses.

One way of doing this is to have a strong set of laws and regulations protecting businesses that enter into agreements with others and providing resolutions when things don’t go to plan. Commercial law provides that platform.

Most commercial disputes are heard in Commercial Court or in county business courts when the dispute relates to that particular jurisdiction.

They can also be brought before the Queen’s Bench or Chancery divisions of the High Court or the Technology & Construction Court (TCC).

Break it down for me a little bit! 

A commercial lawyer’s work begins with obtaining necessary instructions and supporting information and documents from the clients. The case is reviewed thoroughly and the important facts and data are picked out.

Lawyers then research case law and former precedents, prepare pleadings and arguments, and attend regular briefing sessions with clients.

They :Jill arrange for settlement where viable, and present motions and arguments before courts if the case proceeds into litigation.

Under standing a clients needs is an important quality for those involved in commercial law. Other skills and talents required are: negotiation, commercial awareness and time and people management.

Commercial lawyers need to keep up to speed with the current business and commercial climate, changes and amendments in legislation, and regulations in all jurisdictions that are involved.

Commercial lawyers are normally required to have: a top-class degree, experience of participation in extra-curricular activities whilst at school or university, experience in debating, public speaking and moot court trials.

Work experience in a non-legal commercial sector will be an added advantage.

Firm Description:

Our law firm with a human face combines the ability to imprint a personal mark in the relationship with the client, and the professionalism in the handling of business.

Mindful of the ever-growing complexity of legal matters with the globalisation of markets and business, which require an ever-increasing specialization of lawyers, our members keep on deepening consistently their knowledge of preferential matters, thus maintaining its multidisciplinary vocation.

The synergy of the skills of the members, reinforced by those of external consultants recognized in their specialties, enables the law firm to master a broad range of areas of law.

The law firm naturally remains well equipped to offer the traditional services that any lawyer is likely to providing from his study.

Practice Areas

  • Labour and Social Security Law
  • Business and Company Law (OHADA)
  • Mining
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Gas and Energy law
  • Tax Law
  • Insurance Policies
  • Real Estate Law (commercial, professional and residential leases, real estate development and construction, ownership, co-ownership, management and real estate transaction)
  • Family law (inheritance, divorce, adoption, affiliation and recognition of children)
  • Criminal Law
  • Banking Law
  • Consultancy, Negotiations & investment support and drafting of legal documents.


João Moraes Sarmento

Leaders in Law endorses João Moraes Sarmento as our exclusively recommended Unfair Commercial Law Expert in Portugal. If you wish to get in touch with João, please use the contact information provided above.

João Moraes Sarmento is one of the founding partners of Machado Sarmento & Associados and a lawyer with over 20 years of experience. His professional background is strongly related to the financial area, having worked for Banco de Portugal and Morgan Stanley at the beginning of his career, and working, as a lawyer, with a variety of national and international clients, SMEs and large companies to whom he advises and provides day-to-day legal support mainly in the corporate, financial and litigation areas.

Moreover, João is a member of the supervisory board of several companies with a presence in Portugal.

Areas of Expertise

  • Banking and Financial
  • Civil
  • Commercial and Corporate
  • Litigation and Arbitration
  • Marítime
  • Restructuring and Insolvency


  • English
  • French
  • Spanish

Firm Description:

Our Law Firm prides itself in establishing a consistent relationship based on dialogue, mutual trust, and the sharing of goals with its clients. Considering the ties we create in the various areas of law, we deem no cause is too small, and all causes are important.

We believe that law expertise and legal counsel is a commitment: honouring this means practising law with ample knowledge, but also with willingness, loyalty and complete motivation, thus applying our know-how, and experience through personalized proximity, focused 100% on the client and defending their interests, whether they are personal, business or institutional.

In a case-by-case approach, we develop isolated or integrated strategies, which show solutions, surpass expectations. In devising these paths of success, we count on a tradition to fulfil with excellence, ethics, and sobriety, as well as the capacity to innovate, taking the disruptive way of thinking and creativity to the field of justice.

With a law office in Porto bridging across the world, MSAd is an independent company. Consequently, at the end of the day we like to know that conducting business responsibly and in liberty, we serve well and by the Law. Ultimately, this is what the client expects of us and this is our mission.

Commercial Law Practice

The world of business requires the capacity of anticipation and adaptation. With integrated vision and strategy, we are present, for example in training, restructuring or the dissolution of companies; the establishment, acquisition sale or fusion of companies; in the processes of financing and investment; elaborating agreements and contracts.

Machado Sarmento & Associados also have a office located in Lisbon:

Tomás Ribeiro, nº 111
1050-228 Lisboa . Portugal


Kabo Motswagole

Leaders in Law endorses Kabo Motswagole as our exclusively recommended Commercial Law expert in Botswana. If you wish to get in touch with Kabo, please use the contact information provided above.

Mr. Motswagole has received legal training both in Botswana, at the University of Botswana and in the United States at Fordham University Graduate School of Law in New York City. He is also an Admitted and Practicing Attorney of the High Court of Botswana and other courts of the Republic of Botswana; he is a Member in good standing of Botswana’s only Bar Association, The Law Society of Botswana. He also serves as the current Chairperson of the Botswana Press Council Media Complaints Committee. Mr. Motswagole is also a Member of the Architects Registration Council Professional Practice and Disciplinary Committee. In addition to the above he is also a certified Conveyancer, Republic of Botswana and a Notary Public, Republic of Botswana.

Prior to his employment at Motswagole & Company Mr. Motswagole was a Senior Associate Attorney at Monthe Marumo & Company (Incorporating Molatlhegi & Associates). In the summer of 2012 up until 2013, he was a Research Assistant at the Leitner Centre for International Law and Justice (New York) where he worked on projects at the Centre which included sustainable development projects, energy law and policy behavior, mining beneficiation, Corporate Social Responsibility, Foreign Domestic Investment and Aid and Development. Mr. Motswagole and his team of international graduate students in Accra, Ghana oversaw these projects.

Mr. Motswagole was a lead Team Member in Mining Beneficiation and Corporate Social Responsibility of Mining Companies in Ghana on behalf of Anglo Gold Ashanti (Formerly Ashanti Goldfields), still under the Leitner Program on Africa, Accra Ghana.

In 2011 before heading to the United States Kabo did some local legal work. He was an Attorney at Law and Conveyancer at Mosojane Legal Consultancy; a lawfirm he helped create. At this firm he was a team leader in the general Litigation and Conveyancing Department. Where he worked alongside a former judge, the Honourable Justice John Z Mosojane. He took up the role after a stint as a Research Assistant for The Hon Justice M T Motswagole in the year 2010.

Firm Description:

Motswagole & Company is a Boutique Lawfirm located in Gaborone, Botswana. It was established in 2014 by Mr Kabo Godfrey Motswagole, a former Senior Associate at a Top 3 Botswana Lawfirm, Monthe Marumo & Company.

Motswagole & Company aspires to be recognized as a highly professional, dynamic, citizen-owned and managed, and socially responsible law firm in Botswana. We aim to establish an unrivalled reputation for our utmost integrity and efficient service delivery. Our primary goal is to exceed clients’ expectations.

Our Vision

Motswagole & Company aspires to be recognized as a highly professional, dynamic, citizen-owned and managed, and socially responsible law firm in Botswana.

We aim to establish an unrivalled reputation for our utmost integrity and efficient service delivery. Our primary goal is to exceed clients’ expectations.

Our Mission

Our mission is to establish trust and confidence in our clients by committing ourselves to providing timeous and quality services to our clients.

We focus on a result-oriented approach whilst ensuring that clients receive fair value at all times.

Our People

Motswagole & Company promotes enthusiasm and commitment in its beneficiaries and stakeholders.

We encourage individuals who are prepared to go the extra mile on behalf of our clients.


In a high challenging and changing legal environment, Motswagole & Company appreciates the importance of secured accessibility to a wide range of resources for the development of our business and the improvement of our service delivery to our clients.

In this regard Motswagole & Company maintains its own regularly updated law (database) library comprising pleadings, legal texts on various law subjects, law reports, legal periodicals and other publications.


Our investment in technology has put us a step ahead in our service delivery on a number of key areas. We have since installed an improved computer systems link within our offices thus guaranteeing easy access to information to our professional staff at all times. We have also provided access to the Internet at all times, guaranteeing a greater research bandwidth.

Motswagole & Company has laptop computers for each of their professionals and a Desktop for their Receptionist. All printing is done wirelessly, including from mobile gadgets and devices.


Harikrishnan Ravindran

Leaders in Law endorses Harikrishnan Ravindran as our exclusively recommended Commercial Law expert in the UAE. If you wish to get in touch with Harikrishnan, please use the contact information provided above.

Harikrishnan is a legal consultant with Lutfi & Co since June 2009.  His background prior to joining Lutfi & Co was in counsel practice. Harikrishnan’s expertise and practice focus are in the areas of corporate and commercial law as well as commercial dispute resolution.  He is a key member of both the transactional and the dispute resolution teams.  This experience has assisted him in developing a deeper understanding of the practical implications of specific contractual terms in the context of potential dispute resolution proceedings.  He has considerable expertise and experience in International Trade law particularly pertaining to dispute resolution proceedings.

Harikrishnan is a member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators and has expertise in Domestic commercial and real estate arbitrations in the UAE and in International Commercial Arbitration. He has inter alia advised clients in domestic arbitrations administered by DIAC and Ad Hoc arbitrations in the UAE supervised by the Courts.  He has also advised parties to International Commercial Arbitrations under the ICC rules and UNCITRAL rules.  He is familiar with arbitration rules and procedures of most major arbitration institutions.

In addition to the above, Harikrishnan has recently advised clients in transactional matters and dispute resolution proceedings in the following areas of law:

  • Real Estate (Advising on real estate projects, representing both purchasers and developers in arbitration and litigation)
  • Employment law (UAE Federal Law and DIFC Law representing both employer and employee)
  • Civil law ( claims of compensation for harm, construction claims between contractors, employers and sub contractors)
  • Commercial law (commercial transactions, commercial disputes and claims)
  • Company law (dispute resolution between shareholders of companies – civil, on shore and free zone)

Firm Description:

Lutfi & Co is located in Business Bay and is regulated by the DLAD.  Lutfi & Co is providing a professional and highly experienced service to national and international clients throughout the UAE.  Lutfi & Co also relies on the services of highly experienced and skilled external counsel who work with us closely on matters that fall within their area of expertise.

The skill and experience of the lawyers ensures that Lutfi & Co is able to meet the critical business needs and demands of clients in a flexible and responsive way. Our team is committed to providing high value added service and on achieving client satisfaction. Establishing long term relationships with clients is a priority.

Practice focus

  • Arbitration
  • International Commercial Arbitration
  • Commercial law
  • Company law
  • Joint Ventures, Mergers and Acquisitions
  • Litigation and Dispute Resolution
  • Employment Law

Services provided by Lutfi & Co include:

  • UAE corporate and regulatory matters
  • Litigation in the UAE courts
  • Domestic arbitration in the UAE
  • International commercial arbitration
  • Construction and engineering
  • Facilities management
  • Insurance and risk management
  • Property development
  • Project and structured finance.
  • DIFC Wills and probate
  • Representation before the DIFC Courts
  • DIFC Corporate and company practice

Vanja Mugoša

Leaders in Law endorses Vanja Mugoša as our exclusively recommended Commercial Law expert in Montenegro. If you wish to get in touch with Vanja please use the contact information provided above.

Experienced Managing Partner with a demonstrated history of working in the legal services industry. Skilled in Commercial Law, Negotiation, Business Planning, Legal Writing, Corporate Law, and Intellectual Property. Strong business development professional graduated from University of Montenegro, Law Faculty Podgorica.

Commercial Law

Commercial law, also known as trade law, is the body of law that applies to the rights, relations, and conduct of persons and businesses engaged in commerce, merchandising, trade and sales.

It is often considered to be a branch of civil law and deals with issues of both private law and public law.

Commercial law includes within its compass such titles as:

  • Domestic and international trade
  • Relationship between the principal and agent
  • Carriage by land and sea
  • Merchant shipping
  • Guarantee
  • Marine, fire, life and accident insurance
  • Security interests (collaterals)
  • Negotiable instruments
  • Contracts, Partnerships etc.

Many of these categories fall within financial law, an aspect of commercial law pertaining specifically to financing and the financial markets.

It can also be understood to regulate corporate contracts, hiring practices, and the manufacture and sales of consumer goods.

In Montenegro, various regulatory schemes control how commerce is conducted, particularly vis-à-vis customers.

We provide portfolio of commercial law services to both domestic and foreign companies and entrepreneurs.

Practice Areas

  • Commercial Law
  • Business and Corporate Law
  • Tax Law
  • M & A
  • Financing
  • Restructuring
  • Civil Law
  • Administration Law

Firm Description:

We have been operating as a new entity in the legal advisory market of FR Yugoslavia since 1984, when we were founded by the attorney-at-law Novica Jovović.

From the very beginning we have been recognized as a successful and highly respected law office, with diverse portfolio of legal services and also as a reliable, loyal and competent partner of our clients. Between 1992 and 2009 we had worked in Montenegro and Serbia under the name law firm Jovović & partners, and since January 2010 we are working under the name law firm Jovović, Mugoša & Vuković.

If one measure success of a law firm by the size of workforce, then our law firm is the biggest in Montenegro. In addition to that, our law firm shall be between three biggest legal services providers in Montenegro, if one apply criterion of size of client database and annually generated revenues.

Eventually, if one perform benchmarking on the ground of quality of IT sector, internal procedures, case management, client care etc., our law firm again needs to be envisaged as indisputable market leader. With bespoke approach to our clients we have assured a leading position and good reputation.

Our operative results yielded a possibility to participate in process of privatization and restructuring of ex state-owned property, resolving strategic economic controversies and other high value disputes, protection of human rights and intellectual property and the disputes that were of particular media and public interest.

From the beginning of our work, the law firm has been reinforced with young staff, with talented lawyers that are capable to resolve diverse problems with energy and knowledge.

Important moment in the life of the firm was in 2016, when we had moved to the new 1000 sq.m building on the present downtown address.

We sincerely believe that services based on proficiency and qualifications are the pillars of success. In year to come, our objectives shall remain the same – to provide a service of precision and high quality, and we will do that only if we stay current with the legal environment in Western Balkans.

In order to be capable to propose complex legal solutions, we need to cooperate with reputable business, tax, financial and accounting advisors in Montenegro and abroad. In addition to that, from time to time, we have cooperated with other specialists in areas that require specific non-legal qualifications and knowledge.