Vladimir Penkov

Mr. Vladimir Penkov is Chairman and Senior Partner of Penkov, Markov & Partners – international law firm which has more than 20 years of experience in the field of Banking and Finance legal advices and consultations.

Mr. Penkov has extensive experience in negotiations, researches, drafting of legal documents and representing clients in various areas of commercial law, such as Banking and Finance, Corporate Law and Commercial Contracts, Competition, Privatization and Foreign Investments, Investment Management, Mergers and Acquisitions, Project Finance, Public Procurement, Licensing and Know-How Agreements, Tax Law, Telecommunications, Media & IT, Energy Law and Renewable Energy Sources.

As a leading banking law practitioner and as part of his track-record Vladimir Penkov has led negotiations, represented and provided legal advice to: EBRD in connection with debt financing of Cellhart AD, debt financing of Balkanpharma Holding AD, Astera Holding AD and Aroma AD, Crédit Suisse AG, Landesbank Baden-Württemberg, PAC Doverie, Bulstrad Life (Vienna Insurance Group), Innimmo Investments, Industrialen Holding – Doverie, HYPO NOE Gruppe Bank, International Finance Corporation, Industrial Capital Holding as well as the preparation of the business and legal scheme in connection with the extension of large credit amount to Domain Boyar AD by EBRD.

As a leader of PM&P’s team Mr.Penkov has personally showed resourcefulness and proactivity in the consulting of UBB by EBRD and Oppenheimer & Co and by National Bank of Greece, of Kardan by the acquisition of NLB Banka. He has also advised the Austrian banking consortia, led by Bank Austria, in the successful negotiation of the terms with the Minister of Finance, on the repayment of the extended credit for the modernization of Kremikovtzi.

The Chairman and Senior Partner of  PM&P is specialising in the area of Banking and Financial Law and Capital markets and has participated in the legal team providing  advice to Ferratum Group in terms of establishment and structuring of their business as the first company of in Bulgaria providing distant financial services, legal advice and consultation to Gumiz AD and Micro Credit regarding providing of micro credits and consumer credits; Preparation of legal analysis for Sofia municipality pursuant to the “Law of the public finances“ in relation to Contracts for financing contract concluded between the European Investment Bank and Sofia municipality for  financing of “The Project of Sofia municipality for treating of waste matter” etc.

Mr.Vladimir Penkov has given legal advices in the process of reorganization of the Bulgarian subsidiaries of Kardan N.V., Kardan Financial Services B.V, TBIH Financial Services Group N.V. and TBIF Financial Services B.V. being active in insurance, additional pension insurance, voluntarily health insurance, financial services such as investment intermediary and asset management company, leasing services and consumer financing.

The Chairman and Senior Partner of PM&P advise the full spectrum of bank related transactions and have advised the establishment of one of the first asset management companies in Bulgaria while currently the PM&P team provide regular services to some of the major non-banking financial institutions in Bulgaria and their branches.

Successfully assisted one of the largest non-banking financial institutions in Europe to set foot in Bulgaria, filling the niche on online consumer loans.

Constantly expanding including legal consulting for investment companies, mutual and pension funds, asset management companies, investment mediators and ventures.

Comprehensive consulting on the structuring, financing and applicable regulatory framework in that field. Of special value for clients is the possibility for PM&P to expand at a very short notice the designated team including experts from other fields to give a helping hand in this highly specific area, should the case so require.

Mr.Penkov assisted the first foreign bank branch to register in the country after the democratic changes (Landesbank) and the structuring of the first capital investment by a foreign bank (Raiffeisen Bank) in a local bank under the conditions of a missing detailed legal framework and practical experience in this sphere.

Under the conditions of a rigidly regulated market and a strictly limited number of banking licenses, the team of PM&P leaded by the Managing Partner Vladimir Penkov has consulted, over the years, the EBRD, Oppenheimer & Co., the National Bank of Greece, Alpha bank – Bulgarian Branch, United Bulgarian Bank, Piraeus Bank and Kardan in the acquisition of three of the largest Bulgarian banks, including the merger of a bank branch into a bank (Piraeus Bank).

Mr. Penkov and the team of PM&P are acting as legal counsel to the buyer with regard to the contemplated purchase of 99.53 % of the shares owned by International Hospital Service Co, Japan in Tokuda Bank. The project refers to the acquisition of a medium-sized commercial bank and has passed through legal, financial and tax due diligence, negotiations and signing of Share Purchase Agreement, Escrow Agreement and is now in the stage of obtaining the respective regulatory approvals from the Bulgarian National Bank and the Competition Protection Commission.

The Chairman and Senior Partner of PM&P represented UBB as bond emission trustee, providing the overall defence of creditors’ rights over the bond emission, incl. legal representation in the event of bankruptcy proceedings against Bross Holding, but also overall representation in all other enforcement proceedings initiated under the Registered Pledges Act and other legal issues related to the case.

Mr.Vladimir Penkov and PM&P’s team also were a consultant of Piraeus Bank Bulgaria AD as collateral agent to the bank syndicate including also United Bulgarian Bank, Unicredit Bulbank and Alpha Bank – Bulgaria Branch.

Another client of the law firm is HYPO NOE Gruppe Bank AG, Austria.  Mr.Penkov’s involvement has included among others: due diligence review of the two companies that operate the photovoltaic plants (Kompania za Energetika I Razvitie EOOD and Green Energy Park AD); preparation of preliminary legal opinions for the purpose of participation of the client as co-lender together with Société Générale Expressbank AD and PV Investments ЕAD; review and revision of the respective Club Loan Agreements and all securities agreements; review of the certificates issued by the Commercial Register, the Central Register of Special Pledges and the Property Register evidencing the granting of the securities by the borrowers, co-debtors and mortgage debtor; issuance of final legal opinions re legal compliance of the transaction


·         Penkov, Markov & Partners – Founder and Managing Partner 1990-2017; Chairman and Senior Partner since 2017;

·         Bulgarian Telecommunications Company AD – Member of the Managing Board, 2007-2008, Chairman of the Supevisory Board, 2008 – 2013 and reelected as Chairman since 2014-2017;

·         NIKAS Bulgaria AD – Member of the Board of Directors, 2009 – 2012;

·         Arbitration Court at the Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (BCCI)  – Arbitrator since 1999;

·         BCCI – Member of Managing Board since 1993 and Vice President, 1999 – 2006;

·         Zagorka AD – Member of the Board of Directors,1998 – 2006 and Executive Director, 2000 – 2002;

·         Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations – Head of Division „Austria and Switzerland“, 1989 – 1990;

·         Technica Foreign Trade Organization – Chief Legal Counsel, 1987 – 1989;

·         Sofia City Court – Intership as a judge, 1976 – 1977;


·         Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski – Master in Law, 1976

·         Economic University, Karlshorst, Germany 1970 – 1972


·         Bulgarian, German, English


R.H.J. Koopmans

RHJ (Robert) Koopmans has over 35 years of banking and legal experience. He has worked in various positions at ABN AMRO Bank NV and the law firm Clifford Chance LLP. He is now also linked to the Rabobank organization, working in special asset management.

He is a member of the Amsterdam Bar and the Dutch Association of International Law. Mr. R.H.J. Koopmans is registered as a lawyer in the Netherlands with the Dutch Bar Association, Neuhuyskade 294 2596 XM The Hague, telephone 070-3353535, info@advocatenorde.nl

The office is located in the Atlas Building Complex at Hoogoorddreef 9 in Amsterdam (building Africa). Visit there only after prior notification. You will then be given directions. Appointments can of course also be made elsewhere, if that is more convenient for you.

Law firm RHJ Koopmans BV has its registered office in Groenekan. The company is registered at the Chamber of Commerce under number 30201622.

At this time, only mr R.H.J. Koopmans is connected to the law firm as a lawyer. Mr. R.H.J. Koopmans advises, drafts and litigates. There are co-operation agreements with other lawfirms, so there is always sufficient backing.

Areas of expertise are:

·         Banking and finance;

·         Insolvency law;

·         International law;

·         Debt Collection;

·         Corporate law;

·         Law of torts;

·         Contract law;

·         Labour law;

·         Rent law;

·         Administrative law;

·         Property law

·         Law of civil procedure/ litigation.

Robert Koopmans is also connected to a legal first aid center. He is a member of the Royal Dutch Society for International Law. He is an honorary member and past chairman of a field hockey club. Furthermore he loves sailing and collecting flags.


António Frutuoso de Melo

Born Viseu, Portugal, November 16, 1948 | Admitted, 1985, Portugal


  • Coimbra Law School
  • Lisbon Law School (Graduate, 1979)


  • Several Articles published in International Financial Law Review and other specialized magazines


  • Portuguese section, GT Guide to World Equity Markets
  • Portuguese section, Morgan Grenfell Handbook of International Mergers and Acquisitions
  • Portuguese section, European Mergers and Acquisitions
  • Portuguese chapter, European Corporate Finance Law – A Guide to M&A and Corporate Restructuring Legislation, Euromoney
  • Several articles for Dossiers Internationaux des Editions Francis Lefèbvre – Portugal


  • Teacher, Administrative Law, Lisbon University, 1977-1980
  • Professor by special invitation, Free University of Lisbon, 1985-1987
  • Chief of Staff for: Minister for the Council of Ministers, 1981
  • Minister of Labour, 1982


  • Portuguese, English, French, Italian and Spanish

Banking & Finance Law Practice:

Work handled covers a wide range of financial products, including structured finance, regulatory and capital driven instruments, derivatives and project finance. The firm also advises Portuguese branches of investment and commercial international banks on their activity in Portugal.

António Frutuoso de Melo e Associados:

AFMA originated from a project of independence and freedom of thought.

This is the culture that endures and that we intend to assure. In AFMA we continue to believe that the upside of law practice lies in the personalized expression of each of our lawyers. This has been, in fact, the key factor in the relationship with our clients at these challenging times.

We are proud of our route and we intend to keep the reasons and spirits for doing so.


Sadock Magai

Managing Partner & Head of Corporate Matters

Admitted to the Bar, 1994.

Practise Areas: Banking; Corporate Finance; Securities; Corporate Law; Litigation.

Brief biography: Born in Bunda , Tanzania , May 25, 1962. Education: University of Dar Es Salaam (LL.B., Hons., 1989); Strathclyde University (Post Graduate Diploma in Finance, 1998).

Work experience: Mr. Sadock D. Magai ranked as among the best banking and finance lawyer in the country by IFLR 1000, the Guide to the World’s Leading Financial law firms, he is well known for handling complex banking and financial transactions in the country including USD 250 million and restructuring of the Syndication loan following default by the borrower. He is regular contributor to “Getting the Deal Through” a Project Finance Jornal that covers 38 jurisdictions worldwide and published by the International Bar Association.

Chief Legal Examiner, Tanzania Institute of Bankers, 1997-. State Attorney, 1989-1990. Legal Counsel, Bank of Tanzania , 1990-1997. Member: Tanganyika Law Society, East African Law Society. Languages: English and Swahili.

Banking & Finance Law:

Our Banking & Finance Practice represents lenders, underwriters, arrangers, borrowers and other clients in their various roles in financing transactions, and provides reasoned and timely advice concerning:

  • Mergers and acquisitions
  • Leveraged buyouts
  • Tender offer financings
  • Bank/bond bridge financings
  • Joint ventures
  • Syndicated loans

Debtor-in-possession and exit financings and other credit transactions.

Firm Overview:

IMMMA Advocates is part of DLA Piper Group, an alliance of legal practices, with offices in Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar and Mwanza.

IMMMA is a medium sized corporate law firm providing a wide range of legal services, including banking and finance, project finance, securities, natural resources law, privatization and acquisition of parastatal corporations, infrastructure development, telecommunication and transport divestiture, privatization, mergers and acquisitions, security documentation, insurance and social security matters, employment as well as admiralty law, taxation matters and energy and gas.

The firm has one of the leading litigation departments in Tanzania and actively supports its corporate clients in their legal needs.

IMMMA has a wide range of corporate clients, from big banking and insurance corporations to well known mining conglomerates in Tanzania . IMMMA has also played a key role in the privatization of a number of key parastatals, both as Counsel for Government and on behalf of investors and have participated in a number of merger and acquisition transactions.

Market Recognition

IMMMA’s work has not gone unnoticed and the Firm has received several international recognitions as a leading business law firm. Below is a highlight of some of these recognitions:

Chambers Global (2016) Market Perception says “They have their share of the market and are still doing very well.”

IMMMA is ranked in

  • Band 2 in the General Business law by the Chambers Global (2016).
  • Tier 1 in Energy and Infrastructure and Tier 2 in Financial and corporate by the IFLR 1000 (2016).
  • First Tier in Legal market overview by the Legal 500 (2016).

The Firm’s commitment to client’s service and delivery is paramount and IMMMA is selective in its acceptance of new corporate clients to maintain this excellent reputation.


Dominique Lecocq

Dominique Lecocq was admitted to practice in Switzerland and in Malta. He graduated from the School of Law of the University of Geneva in 1999 and obtained a Masters of Law in Securities and Financial Regulation from Georgetown University in 2005. Before founding lecocqassociate, Dominique served with the London office of Radcliffes Solicitors, in 1998. He worked in 1999 as a foreign associate with Pinheiro Neto, Advogados, in São Paulo, Brazil. From 2000 to 2004, he joined as an associate at the Regulatory and Capital Market Practice Group of Pestalozzi law firm in Geneva and Zurich. In 2005, he interned with the Commodities Futures Trading Commission in Washington DC. Finally, from 2005 to 2007, he served with the Corporate Finance and Regulatory Practice Group of Schellenberg Wittmer, in Geneva. lecocqassociate was founded in 2007 and has three offices, in Geneva, Malta and Dubai.
His practice mainly centres on regulatory finance, banking, and insurance, general securities, collective investment schemes and corporate matters. His clients include notably Swiss and international financial institutions, brokerage firms as well as investment and private equity funds.
Mr. Lecocq advises clients on banking and brokerage operations in Switzerland, Malta and the Emirates, including request for regulatory licenses, structuring of operations, compliance and anti-money laundering as well as all banking regulatory legal aspects.
In relation to collective investments, exchange traded funds and exchange traded commodities, his practice covers the incorporation, structuring and licensing of Swiss, Maltese, Luxembourg, US, Cayman Islands and Emirates funds, ETF and ETC. Thus, he advises on all matters related to on-shore and off-shore investment funds and companies including licensing, distribution, asset-management and tax related issues.
In addition, Mr. Lecocq represents clients (including ultra high net worth individuals) on a wide range of private equity schemes, structuring project finance and venture capital, corporate and real estate acquisitions.
Mr. Lecocq regularly advises on structured products and on the setting up of securitization vehicles. He also specialises in advising Swiss and international financial institutions and corporate clients in relation to equity and debt securities, credit facilities, the setting up of up-stream loans and guarantees, financing transactions, securitization, group re-structuring and joint-venture. Mr. Lecocq has significant experience in structuring asset and share deals, whether listed or OTC.
In relation to regulatory insurance, Mr. Lecocq advises on Swiss and EU matters such as licensing of insurance lines and request for business approval, insurance portfolio transfer, structuring of life insurance policies including unit-linked and capital redemption operations.
Mr. Lecocq assists clients on the establishment of trusts and foundations. He advises on corporate tax matters including tax policy, tax management and corporate restructuring, financial planning for individuals and families.
Finally, Mr. Lecocq also advises in relation to Islamic Finance and in particular structuring sharia compliant products including sharia compliant collective investments, life insurance polices (takaful), salam, murabaha, ijara, mushakara and sukuk.

Marcus Benes

Marcus Benes is a Partner at our Vienna office and heads the practice groups Banking & Finance and Restructuring. In his recent work he advised banks and investors in international financing, complex restructuring and sales of credit portfolios throughout Southern and Eastern Europe. He relies on an international network of partner law firms.

Marcus combines in-depth experience in the private economy, restructuring a family business between 2001 and 2003, with many years of law practice at the international law firms Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer and DLA Piper and Wolf Theiss.

Marcus holds degrees from the University of Vienna (Dr iur, 1999; Mag iur, 1994) and the University of Pennsylvania (LLM, 1996), as well as a business degree from Wharton School (MBA, 2001). He is also admitted in New York.

Marcus speaks German, English and Spanish.


Marcus is recommended by Chambers for “Banking & Finance” and “Restructuring & Insolvency”.

“A very commercial approach and all the technical skills we are looking for.” Mandant in Chambers 2015

“He spots the big issues of a project and doesn’t get stuck on the minor matters which are not the focus.” Chambers 2015 – Banking & Finance

“High personal commitment, long-standing experience and creativity with regard to possible solutions.” He is also noted for his experience in international transactions and pragmatic approach: “He knows which points to fight and which to leave.” Chambers 2015 – Restructuring/Insolvency

“Excellent negotiator” Legal500 2015 – Insolvency, Corporate Recovery

“Available 24/7”, “highly intelligent and commited”. Legal500 2014  Banking & Finance

“Excellent legal work combined with in-depth entrepreneurial understanding.” Client in JUVE 2014

Firm Overview:

With more than 50 lawyers at its offices in Vienna and Graz, Eisenberger & Herzog (E&H) ranks amongst Austria’s largest law firms. The firm is driven by a team of partners with an international background and practice. Thus, E&H is guided by a spirit of innovation, dedication and creativity. Throughout the lifetime of each project, partners assist their clients personally, ensuring quality, flexibility and efficiency. With a well-established network of partner law firms all over Europe and strong ties with first-tier business law firms in the US and Asia, E&H has become one of the leading Austrian referral firms and premier addresses for international clients.



Stefano Sennhauser

Stefano has 20 years’ experience in banking and structured finance. He is widely acknowledged as a leading finance lawyer in Italy by the top legal directories and has advised on some of the largest Italian transactions in the market. In the banking sector, he advises borrowers and lenders on a broad range of financing transactions, including general lending, leveraged and acquisition financing, real estate finance and project finance. In the area of structured finance, Stefano advises both arrangers, originators and issuers on many of the leading public and private securitisation transactions performed under Law 130 and Law 52/91 in relation to a variety of assets, on the establishment and amendment of covered bond programmes, and the issue of high yield debt and project bonds. He also advises lenders and borrowers on debt restructuring transactions and provides advice on regulatory and compliance issues applicable to the banking and finance sectors.

“He is certainly one of the best banking lawyers in Italy. He is capable and experienced, and can firmly defend his customers’ requests while trying to find the right compromise.” CHAMBERS EUROPE & GLOBAL 2014.

“Stefano is a very skilled lawyer, very commercial but still quite tough in negotiations when needed. He always acts with the aim of finding the right solution for both parties.” IFLR 1000 2013 – ITALY.


Banking and Finance Law Practice:

With over 1,000 lawyers worldwide, we have one of the largest and most international teams of banking and finance lawyers of any global law firm. Few practices can match our top tier position across the full range of financial products.

With such a deep team and global reach, international and industry-leading ‘first-of-a-kind’ transactions are our hallmark. We have been instrumental in nearly all the major developments in the modern financial markets.

The past few years have been the most challenging in the history of the international financial markets and have required fresh thinking as the markets adjust to continually changing economic, political and regulatory conditions. Renowned for our intellectual rigour, our banking and finance lawyers draw on deep product expertise and regularly work alongside our regulatory, litigation, restructuring and other specialists – particularly important in light of recent market conditions – to develop innovative solutions for our clients, often incorporating complex financing techniques that lead the industry.

That is why over 800 corporate and financial institution participants in the financial markets entrust us with the full range of their domestic and cross-border transactions.


James Bresslaw

James is head of our banking practice in London and has over 25 years experience as a finance lawyer at Simmons & Simmons. He advises on a wide variety of financial transactions including capital markets, loan and securitisation transactions and restructurings of such transactions.

Banking Law Practice:

Our international banking team operates as a global fully-integrated practice acting for banks, government agencies and corporates on some of the most complex and innovative transactions worldwide. Our expertise includes acquisition and bid finance, structured finance, syndicated lending, secured lending, project finance, trade finance, asset finance and workouts and restructurings.

Our team works to ensure that banking transactions proceed quickly and effectively, with the minimum of fuss. Our position as a world class law firm, with a finance practice covering all facets of debt, structured lending and securities issues, enables us to put any transaction into the right context and provide the services which are appropriate to it.

The team has 127 staff, including 37 partners. Our lawyers advise on global banking issues, operating from the following locations: Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam, Brussels, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, London, Madrid, Milan, Paris, Hong Kong and Tokyo.

Sushma Jobanputra

Sushma Jobanputra has advised clients on a variety of banking, corporate, and structured finance matters across Asia including India, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, and the Philippines. She also has acted for lenders and other creditors in cross-border restructurings.

Before joining Jones Day, Sushma was a managing director at Barclays Capital, heading a team in the structured transactions department, with responsibility on behalf of the bank for the execution of all large complex structured transactions with other financial institutions and multinationals. Prior to that she was a partner at a Magic Circle firm in London where her practice focused on structured and acquisition finance.

Sushma was included as one of Asia’s “Hot 100” lawyers for 2011 by Asia Legal Business magazine, which recognizes lawyers who are leaders, movers and shakers, and dealmakers in Asia. She is also listed in Chambers Global 2015 as a “Foreign Expert Based in Singapore” for banking & finance in both India and Singapore. Sushma is also a member of the Expert Panel of Cross-Border Commercial Law, a leading center of commercial law research in Asia.

Sushma has lived in India, Canada, France, and England prior to moving to Singapore. She is fluent in English, French, Hindi, and Gujarati.

Jones Day Singapore:

Jones Day lawyers have been advising clients in Southeast Asia for more than 20 years. The Jones Day Singapore Office comprises approximately 30 lawyers who have lived and worked in the region for many years and who understand the unique cultures and ways of doing business in the different South and Southeast Asian nations. Opened in 2001, the office acts as an ideal base for lawyers providing multijurisdictional advice in Singapore and the fast-growing economies of the wider region including India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. In addition to English, our multilingual lawyers are fluent in a wide variety of languages, including Indonesian, Cantonese, Gujarati, Hindi, Malay, and Mandarin.

Our lawyers are familiar with multiple legal jurisdictions, including the United States, England & Wales, Australia, India, Hong Kong, Malaysia, and Singapore. In 2013, Jones Day was one of only four foreign international law firms awarded a Qualifying Foreign Law Practice (QFLP) licence to practice Singapore law in permitted areas (primarily commercial and corporate). This licence enables Jones Day to offer both the local and international legal knowledge increasingly required by complex cross-border transactions. Licence winners were noted for having “extensive global networks and deep expertise in key practice areas that will support the growth of the Singapore economy.”

Our lawyers work as part of a fully integrated global team with lawyers from Jones Day’s 40 other offices around the world. They handle complex and innovative cross-border transactions and have experience in international corporate and commercial work, M&A, joint ventures, venture capital and private equity investments, fund formation, banking and finance, debt and equity capital markets, energy (oil & gas), projects and infrastructure, international dispute resolution, and arbitration.

Jones Day actively supports its local community. In September 2012, the Jones Day Foundation made a donation of US$500,000 to the Singapore Management University (SMU) to fund a Professorship of Commercial Law for a term of seven years. As SMU’s largest gift from a law firm, this exemplifies Jones Day’s commitment to Singapore, and the further development of its commercial laws.