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Seal and Expunge Process

Seal and expunge are legal processes that allow people with criminal records to restrict public access to particular information about their prior transgressions. These processes vary by jurisdiction, but they allow individuals to improve their chances of obtaining a job, housing, or other opportunities by reducing the impact of a prior criminal record.

Research shows that people with sealed or expunged records experience increased employability, countering the challenges faced by those with criminal records. While the records still exist, they are not visible to the public or most employers.

In this article, we will explore the steps on how to get a charge off your record, the eligibility requirements, documents to gather, and a hearing to attend.

Eligibility Requirements for Seal and Expunge

The requirements to seal and expunge your record will depend on your jurisdiction, but there are some common criteria that most states look at and even if you meet all the eligibility requirements, the final decision to seal or expunge your record is up to the court.

  • You must have completed all the terms of your sentence, including probation or parole. This means you have fulfilled your obligations to the court and haven’t committed any new offenses during this time.
  • You can’t have any pending criminal charges or convictions. This means that if you’re currently facing criminal charges or have been convicted of a crime, you won’t be eligible for sealing or expunging your record.
  • The type of offense you committed may also affect your eligibility. Some states have specific guidelines that exclude certain offenses from being sealed or expunged, such as violent crimes or sexual offenses.
  • You must meet the waiting period requirement. This is the amount of time you must wait after completing your sentence before you can apply for a seal or expungement. The waiting period can be one to several years, based on the jurisdiction and the severity of the offense.

Georgia expungement lawyers explain the lasting effect of having a criminal record and how crucial it is to hire an experienced attorney for your case. It is important that you find an attorney or legal professional who is familiar with the rules in your area to evaluate your eligibility for sealing or expungement and to guide you through the process.

Starting the Seal and Expunge Process

Each jurisdiction has specific filing requirements that may differ, but to begin the seal and expunge process, you need to gather the necessary documents and forms. We have listed the steps for you to follow to start the process:

  1. Get a copy of your criminal record from the relevant authorities. This document has detailed information about your past convictions or arrests. Once you have the record in hand, carefully review it for accuracy.
  2. You’ll need to complete the necessary forms for sealing or expunging your record. These forms vary by jurisdiction, so visit the website of the appropriate agency or consult with a legal professional to get the right ones. Make sure to fill out the forms accurately and provide any supporting documents required.
  3. After completing the forms, you’ll need to file them with the appropriate court or agency. You have to submit the forms in person or by mail, along with any applicable fees.

By following these steps, you’ll have a deeper knowledge of what to do to address these issues.

Necessary Documents and Information

For a smooth and successful application, you have to gather all the necessary documents and information first.

  1. Collect your identification documents, such as your driver’s license or passport, to prove your identity.
  2. Get certified copies of your criminal record from the appropriate law enforcement agencies. These records should include all arrests, charges, and dispositions related to the case you want to seal or expunge.
  3. Any court documents, such as judgments, orders, or sentencing records, that are relevant to your case.
  4. Have the contact information for witnesses or character references who can support your application.
  5. If you have completed any court-ordered programs, such as probation or community service, gather documentation to prove your compliance.
  6. Any other supporting documents that may strengthen your case, such as letters of recommendation, certificates of completion, or evidence of rehabilitation,.

Filing the Petition and Attending the Hearing

After gathering all the necessary documents and information, it’s time to move forward with the seal and expunge process by filing the petition and attending the hearing. Filing the petition is to formally request that the court seal or expunge your criminal record.

You’ll need to fill out the necessary forms from the clerk’s office or the court’s website. Be sure to fill in accurate and detailed information, including the case number, charges, and any relevant dates.

Once you have completed the forms, you’ll need to submit them to the court along with any required filing fees. After filing the petition, you’ll be assigned a hearing date. This is the opportunity for you to present your case to the judge and explain why you believe your record should be sealed or expunged.

Come prepared with any supporting evidence or testimony that can strengthen your argument. During the hearing, the judge will assess your request and make a decision based on the merits of your case.

The Benefits of Sealing and Expunging

A sealed or expunged record can no longer be accessed by the general public. This means that potential employers, landlords, or educational institutions won’t be able to see your past offenses during background checks, giving you a fair chance to move forward.

Another benefit is that sealing or expunging your record can also restore certain rights that may have been taken away due to your criminal history. For instance, you may regain the right to vote, serve on a jury, or hold public office. It can also improve your chances of getting housing, as landlords often do background checks before approving tenants.

It can give you a sense of closure and relief too. Letting you put your past mistakes behind you and focus on building a better future, all the while reducing the stigma and discrimination associated with having a criminal record, giving you the opportunity to reintegrate into society more easily.


If you meet the eligibility requirements, you can take steps to initiate the seal and expunge process. You have to gather all necessary documents and information before filing the petition and attending the hearing. With the benefits that come from sealing and expunging, you can have a fresh start and the opportunity to rebuild your life.