Juan Carlos Madrigal

Leaders in Law endorses Juan Carlos Madrigal as our exclusively recommended M&A Law expert in China. If you wish to get in touch with Juan please use the contact information provided above.

Juan Carlos divides his time between Taipei and Shanghai. He provides strategic advice and practical operational support to U.S., European and Latin American clients in market entry and expansion activities, cross cultural commercial negotiations, strategic partner selection, business dispute mediation, corruption investigations, background checks, and M&A transactions in China and Taiwan.

Juan’s multi-cultural background, business acumen and deep understanding of global market trends and the local business environment in Greater China allow him to effectively bridge language, cultural, and business mentality gaps commonly encountered by foreign and Chinese investors during business negotiations and disputes. He is adept at developing win-win scenarios in complex situations by addressing all business and legal issues while catering to the cultural sensitivities and personality types of all decision makers in the room.

Significant Recent Projects

  • Assist Fortune 500 company with an investigation of a former PRC employee suspected to have registered a patent through a proxy to circumvent patent/invention assignment agreements with the company.
  • Assist multinational company with internal embezzlement and kickbacks investigations in China including forensic legal and financial document review, interviews with key employees, on-the-ground intelligence gathering, and interaction with local law enforcement and US counsel.
  • Represent Latin American private energy generation company and its financiers in negotiations with Taiwanese engineering company to restart distressed engineering, procurement and construction project. Coordinate implementation of new agreement.
  • Represent South American plastics manufacturer in insurance claims, litigation and settlement negotiations against a Chinese insurer and a foreign freight forwarder arising from damage caused to production machinery during transit.
  • Represent Central American logistics company in a controversy related to an insurance claim with a Taiwanese partner and a Taiwanese insurer to reduce the amount of the claim while ultimately protecting the relationship with this key partner.
  • Assist ministry-level agency of a Himalayan country to conduct research and coordinate internal/external resources to develop a proposal to create a comprehensive Biodiversity Legal Rights Framework.
  • Assist NYSE listed high tech company in cross border investigation related to potential trade secret leakage by a former high level employee to a competitor.
  • Represent PRC apparel company in negotiations with US based publicly listed brand management company to settle multiple mutual trademark infringement lawsuits and design an alternative cooperative framework to jointly approach the Chinese market.
  • Advice TAIEX high tech manufacturing company during negotiations to establish a three-way touch screen component manufacturing joint venture in China.
  • Draft business plans for client startups in industries including online content delivery, luxury products, bio-fuels, renewable energy, manufacturing and high tech.

Professional Employment

  • Pamir Law Group, Taipei, Taiwan, Consultant (2006 to present)
  • iChinaForum.com, Taipei, Taiwan, Co-Founder (2010 to present)
  • Western Union International Latin America Regional Operations Center, San Jose, Costa Rica, Legal Compliance Specialist, China Team
  • Tecnomercadeo Latinoamericano, San José, Costa Rica, Project Manager


  • International MBA (International Business and Management in Asia Concentrations), National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan (2005-2007)
  • Chinese Language and Culture Program, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan (2003)
  • B.S. With Honors, Information Systems Engineering, Universidad Latinoamericana de Ciencia y Tecnología, San José, Costa Rica (2002)


  • Spanish (Native)
  • English (Native)
  • Mandarin Chinese (Fluent)
  • Portuguese (Basic)

Firm Description

Pamir is an international law and business consulting firm based in Asia with offices in Taipei and Shanghai, with a long track record of successfully closing transactions in a broad range of industries in the PRC and Taiwan.

Pamir’s lawyers are from top law schools and law firms. Our attorneys are former partners and senior associates from global law firms located in New York, Silicon Valley, London, Hong Kong and Tokyo.

Our team of multilingual professionals is able to bridge the gap between different business cultures and support clients in multiple languages, including English, Chinese (Mandarin, Taiwanese, Cantonese, Shanghai and Suzhou dialects) as well as Japanese, Spanish and French.

Our clients include multinational Fortune 100 companies, venture capital funds, international law and private equity firms. We also represent Asia-based listed companies, privately-held conglomerates and high net worth family groups.
We co-counsel with leading law firms from Asia, North America, Latin America and Europe on their client matters. We represent leading PRC groups in their activities overseas.


We deliver practical integrated business and legal solutions to support our clients’ growth and business success. We:

– Identify and develop, prioritize and plan clear stakeholder business goals before drafting legal documents. The business people are always in the driver’s seat, not the lawyers.

– Team proactively with clients to find, secure and maximize their opportunities and benefits.

– Cooperate with clients to tailor solutions to meet their particular needs as they evolve over time.

Contact Details: Taipei 7F, No. 214, Dunhua North Road, Song Shan District, Taipei 10546, Taiwan Tel: +886-2-5588-1799 Fax: +886-2-5588-1790
Email: info@pamirlaw.com

Shanghai: Suite 1205, Baohua Mansion 518 Anyuan Road, Putuo District Shanghai 200040, China

Tel: +86-21-3669-6955 Fax: +86-21-3669-6950
Email: sh@pamirlaw.com


Peter C. Pang

Leaders in Law endorses Peter C. Pang as our exclusively recommended Foreign Direct Investment Law expert in China. If you wish to get in touch with Peter please use the contact information provided above.

Mr. Pang is the Principal Attorney of IPO Pang Xingpu., a premier international law firm well-known for its ability to obtain difficult, hard to get licenses, permits, approvals and government support for entry by a foreign enterprise into highly regulated Chinese industries, including pharmaceuticals, gaming, telecommunications, television, information technology and retailing, weaponry.
Mr. Pang actively represents foreign companies interested in doing business in China, splits his time between China and the US, and zealously protects his foreign clients’ intellectual property rights, including trade secrets, in China where IPR protection is still evolving to reach international standards.

Mr. Pang has substantial expertise in the areas of mergers and acquisitions, equity and cooperative joint ventures, intellectual property, corporate law and political lobbying in China, has been in China since the early 1990’s and is known as one of the oldest joint venture law firms. Mr. Pang was formerly general corporate in-house counsel to several Fortune 500 companies, including Shell Oil Company, Hershey Foods Corporation, Dole Food Company, and Nissan North America.

Mr. Pang specializes in helping multi-national companies in establishing a foothold and making an investment in China. He is a lobbyist with many years of experience and is well connected with the central government in China. He also specializes in protecting Famous American Brands from piracy and counterfeiting. Mr. Pang has been the principal driver behind over US$5 billion of M&A transactions over the last 30 years, 15 of which involved Sino-American matters. Mr. Pang advises American companies on how to be competitive in the China and global economy and has held various senior level legal positions, board seats and executive management roles.

As a seasoned business lawyer and entrepreneur, Mr. Pang was most recently the chief legal representative and Board member for a US publicly listed lottery and gaming company, having assisted the company in being the first to deploy an instant scratch lottery game in the PRC by a foreign corporation. He was also the founder and CEO of Globalontime.com, a logistics startup company with operations in Guanghzou, PRC and was also the former Director of International Shopping Network, Inc., a home shopping company with operations in Beijing, the first foreign company to introduce home shopping to PRC in 1994. Mr. Pang was also formerly President of CMC Technologies International, Inc., an electronics device manufacturer and oversaw the sale of the company to Australian bidders.

Mr. Pang is a noted expert on doing business in the People’s Republic of China, an expert on the legal and economic effect of China’s entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO), and a well-respected attorney and businessman having represented, founded, operated and sold a number of businesses ranging from internet and gaming companies to manufacturing and distribution companies located in the PRC.

Mr. Pang speaks both Cantonese and Mandarin Chinese. Mr. Pang is a graduate of UC Berkeley in Biochemistry, Santa Clara Law School where he was a member of Law Review, University of Houston with a LLM in International Economic Law, attended the Fuqua School of Business at Duke University and studied law and economics in China and Hong Kong. He is admitted to practice in California, Texas, New York, DC and Pennsylvania, and is specially admitted as Legal Counselor by the Guangzhou Mayoral District for his work on anti-counterfeiting.

A frequently invited speaker, Mr. Pang is considered to be the leading expert on the expanding US-Sino economy and the laws that will govern its growth. Mr. Pang was the chief negotiator for the City of Oakland in its bid to obtain two Giant Pandas for the Oakland Zoo. Mr. Pang brings with him over 25 years of business, management and legal experience in the PRC.

Mr. Pang was able to execute initiatives that few other Western companies have been able to do in the PRC and is considered a premier attorney / businessman about the Chinese lottery and gaming business in China and Macau. Mr. Pang is stationed in Shanghai, PRC, and spends his time between the firm’s offices in Guangdong Province, Shanghai and affiliate offices in Beijing, Hong Kong and other locations in China, as well as the firm’s liaison office in Oakland, California, USA.

Some of Mr. Pang’s accomplishments include:

  • Chief lobbyist and negotiator for bwin Interactive Entertainment in China; principally responsible for advising the Austrian publicly listed company and the world’s largest online entertainment company on the legal parameters for online entertainment in China;
  • Chief Representative, Legal Counsel and Operating Officer for a Las Vegas based company focused on bringing lotteries to China;
  • Chief negotiator for an Australian company in the procurement of the first Gold License to a foreign enterprise;
  • Chief negotiator and investor in the first home shopping television program to China on CCTV in 1996,
  •  Responsible for bringing TVSN Home Shopping Network to China through successful negotiation of the seminal television broadcast contract with CETV, which program is still running after 8 years (a historic first for China);
  • Organized and founded, with the late Henry Fok, a logistics center in Nansha, Guangdong Province, which now serves as the logistics capital of Southern China;
  • Negotiated and procured the permission from the Chinese government to allow the first western company (Las Vegas, NV, USA) to sponsor and operate a lottery – including scratch off tickets, lotto’s, etc. on Mainland;
  • Negotiated, acquired and operated a digital mobile games developer in China and expanded its offerings to over 55 games;
  • Submitted a bid for two giant Pandas for the City of Oakland to the Central Conservation Association of China and competed with Memphis, TN for the rights (Memphis won);
  • On the mayor’s list of special legal attaché in the fight against counterfeiters in Guangdong Province;
  • Negotiated and procured the first gaming television show with SMG in Shanghai for a Western Company and executive produced 41 television shows in 2004;
  • Obtained the right for a US publicly listed company to distribute HIV detection equipment in China – a right that is tightly controlled and not granted easily
  • Developed key relationships that lay the foundation for entry of new biometric payment systems into China in conjunction with the State owned China Union Pay.

In his career as an attorney, consultant and businessman, Mr. Pang has helped over 100 companies to obtain difficult approvals from the Chinese Government, solve complex problems and recognize untapped business opportunities.

Firm Description

We help foreign enterprises obtain difficult, hard to get licenses, permits, approvals and government support and prepare them for entry into highly regulated Chinese industries, including pharmaceuticals, gaming, telecom, television, information technology, retailing, energy and weaponry.

Usually companies engage our services while still in the strategic planning stage and seek our support to implement company initiatives and achieve company objectives. Because every venture is unique, especially on foreign soil, not just knowing, but knowing how has been the key to the success of the clients we serve.

Often the effort involves extensive coaching and a well prepared strategic plan. Other times it may require political lobbying of the Chinese government at the local, provincial, or central level. Regardless the stage of your business development, our expertise in navigating through the Chinese bureaucracy has been the cornerstone of our practice in China.

IPO Pang Xingpu. has been in China since the early 1990’s and is known as one of the oldest joint venture law firms. The firm is ranked as one of the top international boutique firms with operations in China and comprises highly experienced partners, possesses highly specialized skills, and masters highly proprietary know-how.

The firm functions through a number of partners and specialists that operate together as an international team and provides the personalized service that clients need in order to operate in a highly complex and changing legal environment. As a member of the International Business Law Consortium, the firm further extends its international network to include a team of highly selective, experienced and reputable attorneys who can assist and execute in nearly every country of the world. As each case is personally handled by a shareholder of the firm, we take pride in this method of client service as it enables each partner to take individual responsibility for delivering outstanding quality and value for each assignment.


Melody Wang

Leaders in Law endorses Melody Wang as our exclusively recommended Business Crime Law expert in China. If you wish to get in touch with Melody please use the contact information provided above.

Melody is a white-collar and complex disputes partner with Fangda Partners in Beijing.

An experienced trial lawyer and negotiator, Melody is often called upon to assist with cross-border criminal litigation and investigations in China. Melody provides advice and counsel to US and European multinationals on a wide variety of PRC regulatory and criminal investigations, including those related to environmental crime and anti-corruption.

Melody was trial counsel for ConocoPhillips in litigation stemming from the Penglai oil seepage incidents of 2011, obtaining verdicts dismissing all claims. Melody was also recently involved in a high-profile smuggling investigation for a major European multinational, reaching a decision of non-prosecution from the authorities in China. Additional examples of Melody’s work include acting for a well-known public relations company in a criminal probe conducted by China’s Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and a special prosecution unit.

Melody is an industry leader in the area of PRC data compliance and has been involved in some of the highest-profile lawsuits and investigations where PRC state secrecy has been invoked. In addition to her advocacy work, she has been appointed as an expert witness in numerous foreign proceedings (eg, the US, Hong Kong and Singapore) on various Chinese law issues.

Melody received her LLB in law from Beihang University in Beijing and earned LLM degrees from Queen Mary, University of London; and Northwestern School of Law in Chicago. She also has a certificate in business administration from the Kellogg School of Management.

Melody is a listed arbitrator with the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre and an active member of the HKIAC’s Women in Arbitration. Melody speaks English and Mandarin.

Firm Description

One Firm Approach

We have approximately 700 lawyers in our five offices in major Chinese cities: Beijing, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Shenzhen. We operate as a single, integrated partnership, not as an alliance of lawyers in different locations.

Our lawyers collaborate seamlessly across practice groups and locations to provide our clients with exceptional service, sophisticated advice and practical solutions founded on our legal expertise, sound knowledge of market practice, deep understanding of the industry landscape and proven ability to assist our clients achieve their business objectives.

Firm of Choice for the Most Difficult Legal Issues

We are the firm of choice for businesses requiring solutions to their most difficult and complex legal issues. Leading companies and financial institutions in China and around the world turn to us for legal representation or counseling on their most significant legal and business challenges, whether transactions or disputes.

Cross-Border Capabilities with a China Edge

We are known for our cross-border capabilities with a China edge.Our team consists of lawyers qualified in Australia, England and Wales, Singapore, U.S., Hong Kong and the PRC.

The diversity of our professionals and our strong local law capabilities enable us to bridge legal, regulatory, language and cultural differences that clients inevitably face in transactions and disputes involving multiple jurisdictions.

At the Forefront of Chinese Commercial Practice

We have been at the forefront of the development of commercial law practice in China for over two decades.

We have a proven track record advising clients on groundbreaking transactions or defending them in unprecedented disputes. Some selected notable matters on which we have advised include:

  • First initial public offering by a Chinese company involving an international underwriter
  • The first domestic listing by a company incorporated outside the PRC (so-called red chip company)
  • Formation of the first open-end mutual fund in China
  • First foreign acquisition of a controlling stake in a Chinese public company
  • First FRAND litigation in China
  • Representing the claimant in obtaining the first injunction in an IP litigation under Chinese procedural law
  • First public interest environmental litigation brought by an NGO against a multinational company in China


Gong Chu

Lawyer Gong’s team has processed more than 100 criminal cases with foreign factors involved and hundreds of cases of other categories involved with foreign factors.

Awards: Leading foreign legal service lawyer of China, Leading foreign legal service lawyer of Guangdong Province, Leading foreign legal service lawyer of Shenzhen City, Legislation Consultant for Shenzhen City People’s Congress, Mediator for Shenzhen Intermediary People’s Court, Best criminal defense lawyer nominee in China 2019 by Global Law Experts, Best criminal defense lawyer nominee in China 2018 by Corporate Int’l Global

Selected Publications:

Article,“On Foreign Criminal Suspects Defense”, April, 2020

Article,“Comment on Leading Lawyers in Foreign Legal Services”, October, 2018

Article,“Guidance of Extraterritorial Service”, June, 2017

Article,“On Escrow System in Foreign-related Legal Services”, June, 2011

Book,“Study on Transnational Commercial Presence of Chinese Law Firms”, April 2015

Brief description:

GONG Chu (Oscar) started his foreign legal service lawyer career in 2005 and now focuses on criminal defense. In 2015 Lawyer Gong created his own law firm CHINA LAW FIRM, GUANGDONG which is growing steadily. Lawyer Gong has processed many cases of different categories with foreign factors involved, and he has processed around 100 criminal cases involved with foreign factors, which are mainly cases of drug trafficking, hacking fraud, trade fraud, homicide & personal injury, etc., such as: Defending a heroine trafficking suspect from Pakistan, Defending a marijuana trafficking suspect from UK, Defending a marijuana trafficking suspect from the USA, Defending a mainland Chinese homicide suspect who killed a Hong Kongnese, Defending a suspect of intentional injury from UK. A foreign language speaking Chinese lawyer who is specialized in criminal defense could bring better result with higher efficiency for a foreign suspect than other Chinese lawyers who need assistance from an interpreter/translator in the work. For example, the better result with higher efficiency in foreign criminal suspect defense can be reached by Lawyer Gong through his work including but not limited to: Visiting the suspect directly and communicating freely with him/her; Communicating with his/her family member(s), colleague(s) and/or friend(s) directly; Communicating with or reporting to the embassy/consulate that is from the suspect’s country to China, needing no help from a language worker. All these work, if put together, may result in elimination of worries and concerns and misunderstandings that often lead to wrongful/unfair comments to Chinese justice also the embassies/consulates of the suspect’s homeland to China to the largest extent.

Luming Chen

Mr. Chen is based in the JunHe Shanghai office. Before that, Mr. Chen was a partner at Jones Day, and was associated with Debevoise & Plimpton and O’Melveny & Myers in the US.

Mr. Chen has broad experience in the resolution of complex international disputes through arbitration, litigation, mediation and negotiation. He has significant experience in project construction disputes, disputes arising under long-term purchase agreements, complex commercial, share and asset acquisition, and joint venture disputes, and disputes involving insurance and insolvency proceedings. In recent years, he has represented clients in a large number of disputes involving assets management contracts and PE investment contracts. Mr. Chen has helped foreign clients in the enforcement proceedings of foreign arbitral awards in Chinese courts under the New York Convention.

Mr. Chen has been on the CIETAC panel as an arbitrator since 1989. Over the years, he has heard a large number of disputes of a varied nature. He has represented clients in arbitration proceedings before the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (KHIAC) and the Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC); and is also on the panels of arbitrators for the two arbitration institutions.

Mr. Chen is familiar with US law and litigation rules, and was a member of the defense team involved in the criminal investigation by the US Ministry of Justice on illegal trading of US treasury bonds by an employee of Daiwa Bank. He participated in the whole proceedings of document production in response to a subpoena by the US Ministry of Justice, and in the criminal defense proceedings of the bank employee in the US District Court for the Eastern District of New York.

Mr. Chen also has extensive experience in representing multinational companies in their investment projects in China on such matters as the establishment of joint ventures, wholly foreign-owned enterprises, and strategic alliances; real estate, venture capital, private equity, and securities transactions; and intellectual property protection. His experience covers a wide range of industries, including manufacturing, retail, IT, entertainment, technology, chemicals, construction, and transportation. Mr. Chen also has extensive experience in energy projects, including power plants, natural gas pipelines, and wastewater treatment facilities. Mr. Chen advises Chinese companies on outbound investment projects in foreign jurisdictions. He has represented a PRC private company in acquiring a bauxite in Jamaica.

Mr. Chen is ranked as a leading lawyer in Chamber’s Asia-Pacific (Arbitration) and Who’s Who Legal (Litigation). He was selected as one of the “Top 20 client most-favored Lawyers” by ALB.


JD, Harvard Law School, 1995

MA, Fudan University, 1986

BA, Fudan University, 1983

Professional Associations

Mr. Chen is a member of the All-China Bar Association. He is also a member of New York State Bar Association and the American Bar Association.

Mr. Chen is on the list of arbitrators of CIETAC, SHIAC and SCIA. He is also on the panels of arbitrators of HKIAC, SIAC, the Korean Commercial Arbitration Board (KCAB) and the Vietnam International arbitration Centre (VIAC). He serves as the deputy director of international trade law committee of the Shanghai Bar Association.

Firm Description

JunHe, founded in Beijing in 1989, is one of the first private partnership law firms in China. Since its establishment, JunHe has grown to become one of the largest and most recognised Chinese law firms. The firm has 12 offices around the world and a team comprising more than 800 professionals – including over 240 partners and legal counsel, as well as over 560 associates and legal translators.

A solid foundation of delivering premier legal services

JunHe is committed to providing top-tier legal services in commercial transactions and litigation. Our firm is well known as a pioneer, an innovator and a leader in the re-establishment and development of the modern legal profession in China.

Just as each industry requires specialised knowledge, our attorneys are arranged into multidisciplinary practice groups so that they are equipped with deep expertise in market-tailored legal fields and industry sectors. To meet the specific requirements of each client and project, we form project teams across different practice groups to combine the strengths of lawyers with the requisite skills to offer bespoke legal advice. By consistently providing exceptional representation, we have earned our reputation for excellence.

Our network growth is achieved through prudence and independence 

JunHe works towards its goals of independent development and strategic expansion. In addition to our head office in Beijing, the firm operates in offices throughout China – in Shanghai, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Dalian, Haikou, Tianjin, Qingdao and Chengdu. Through our network of offices based in China’s political, economic and financial centres, as well as in the economic zones along the east and the south coasts, we serve our clients across the country.

In tandem with our domestic clients’ investments abroad, the firm has opened fully licensed offices in Hong Kong and New York – both international commercial centres – as well as in the high-tech mecca of Silicon Valley. By doing so, leaders in finance and technology have access to our cutting-edge representation in China and abroad.

Adhering to the principle of client-centred services, we are a true and genuine partnership law firm, with our domestic and overseas offices placed under common management and resources pooled and deployed in an integrated manner.

Our relentless power is sourced from attracting talented lawyers worldwide

At JunHe we are keenly aware that our core competitiveness lies in the strength of our collective intelligence. Our attorneys are primarily recruited from the world’s top law schools and law firms, and some have previously served as government officials, judges, accountants, tax analysts and scientists.

While most of our lawyers are licensed in China, many are qualified to practise law in multiple jurisdictions, such as the US, the UK, Australia, New Zealand and Hong Kong. Our attorneys are multilingual, with fluency in Chinese as well as English, German, Japanese and several other languages.

In addition to advising clients at JunHe, our lawyers often concurrently hold distinguished posts in international organisations, government agencies, trade associations and arbitration tribunals. They also devote their expertise to contributing to Chinese lawmaking, writing legal publications, organising academic research and seminars, and teaching as guest professors.

Our competitive edge is maintained through constant innovation

From the beginning, our firm has grown by virtue of innovation. At the forefront of great movements, JunHe continues to forge ahead of our peers and continuously innovate, whether by advising on unprecedented foreign investment projects during the initial period of China’s reform-and-open campaign; major transactions during the state-owned enterprise reform in the 1990s; comprehensive debt and equity operations, incorporating onshore and offshore capital markets in the new century; or the continuous development of novel services and products in the internet era.

JunHe is credited with many “firsts” in the Chinese market. Growing with our clients, we have not only been honoured with high praise, but have also achieved a leading position in the Chinese legal industry.

Our global strategy is devoted to collaborating with our peers     

In the context of globalisation, we augment our strengths by collaborating with leading law firms in other jurisdictions. By building such alliances, we overcome cultural differences and knowledge gaps. In turn, our clients benefit from a combination of rich local experience, smooth communication, the full spectrum of practice areas, global coordination and seamless representation in cross-border transactions.

Due to our outstanding client service and excellent reputation, we are the only Chinese law firm to be accepted for membership in Lex Mundi and Multilaw, two leading associations of independent law firms around the world. We have also established “best friend” relationships with many other preeminent local law firms. Through such alliances, we are able to extend our premier legal services efficiently and consistently to every corner of the globe.

Eugene Chen

Leaders in Law endorses Eugene Chen as our exclusively recommended Product Liability Law expert in China. If you wish to get in touch with Eugene please use the contact information provided above.

Eugene Chen is based in Hogan Lovells Shanghai office, and is one of the few US-trained and experienced litigators located full-time in China to advise our Chinese and international clients regarding the advantages and potential liabilities of international dispute resolution. His practice focuses on cross-border disputes and investigations in the United States, China, and elsewhere in Asia.

Eugene has experience in representing Asian and Western companies in all matters of litigation, international arbitration, and dispute resolution. His disputes practice includes compliance and FCPA investigations, large and small scale product liability suits, patent infringement litigation, trademark and copyright issues, commercial contract and unfair competition disputes, and U.S. consumer class action lawsuits.

He is experienced in handling every phase of a dispute, from pre-suit investigation to the filing of a complaint or arbitration demand to judgment or other successful conclusion.

Eugene received his B.A., summa cum laude from Columbia University (1995), and his J.D. from Stanford Law School (1998). He is admitted to practice in California and the District of Columbia.

Product Liability Law Practice

Lawyers working within Hogan Lovells’ Product Liability practice combine technical and scientific knowledge with a firm grasp of today’s commercial environment. They understand your products and commercial concerns, and draw on years of experience of dealing with product liability issues in over 30 counties around the world.

Over the past decade, we have been involved in many of the world’s high-profile product liability controversies, acting on behalf of manufacturers from the consumer goods, automotive, electronics, food, aviation, tobacco, and life sciences industries, among many others.

The practice covers all aspects of product liability, including risk prevention and risk management, compliance with product safety regulations, labeling, product recalls, and the defense of unitary, cross-border and multi-party personal injury claims. We place particular emphasis on effective risk management as the key to reducing exposure to civil and criminal liabilities.

Our innovative International Product Liability Network enables us to assist clients to manage product liability risks globally. The Network comprises our leading product liability lawyers in all major markets and experienced local lawyers, who work together to solve whatever problems our clients face anywhere in the world.

Hogan Lovells

Hogan Lovells is a global legal practice that helps corporations, financial institutions, and governmental entities across the spectrum of their critical business and legal issues globally and locally. We have over 2,500 lawyers operating out of more than 45 offices in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, and the United States.

Our practice breadth, geographical reach, and industry knowledge provide us with insights into the issues that affect our clients most deeply and enable us to provide high quality business-oriented legal advice to assist them in achieving their commercial goals.

Hogan Lovells is distinguished by a highly collaborative culture which values the contribution of our diverse team both within Hogan Lovells and in the wider community. Our style is open, service focused, and friendly. We believe that our commitment to client service, commerciality, and teamwork provides benefits to our clients and enhances effective business relationships.


Alan Zhou

Leaders in Law endorses Alan Zhou as our exclusively recommended Healthcare Law expert in China. If you wish to get in touch with Alan please use the contact information provided above.

Alan Zhou’s practice is focused in the areas of mergers & acquisitions, private equity/venture capital, regulatory compliance, and general corporate. Mr. Zhou has a particularly strong background in pharmaceutical and healthcare, and TMT industrial sectors.

Mr. Zhou has represented many multinational corporations, reputable Chinese state owned and private corporations, and private equity/venture capital funds. He has routinely represented such multinational corporations as Sanofi, Schlumberger, Siemens, Boehringer Ingelheim, Novartis, Aon, Bureau Veritas, Catalent, Terumo, Tosoh, Barclays, Societe Generale Bank, Samsung and SK Telecom. Mr. Zhou has not only worked for reputable Chinese private companies such as Focus Media, VIPShop, Acorn International, Hisoar Pharmaceutical, Tianyuan Biopharm, and GeneScience Pharma, he has also advised PRC state owned companies such as Shanghai Dasheng, Shanghai Industrial and Shanghai Airport Authority. In the area of PE/VC, Mr. Zhou has acted for CBRE Investors, Colony Capital, Navis Capital, Lightspeed Ventures, Qiming Ventures, DT Capital, NEA, New Alliance Capital, Warden International, WINS and other international and local PE/VC funds.

Mr. Zhou has been seconded as general counsel for China operations of Boehringer Ingelheim, a leading multinational pharmaceutical company, for more than nine years, and is responsible for various legal matters including general corporate, acquisitions and joint venture formation, compliance and regulatory, intellectual property and corporate restructuring.

Healthcare Law Practice:

Our Pharmaceutical and Healthcare (P&H) practice group is one of the leading advisers in China as this group not only has premium knowledge but also thorough understanding of the practice of P&H industry. We have provided ‘one-stop’ legal services for every area of the P&H industry, including drug R&D, clinical research organizations (CRO), pharmaceuticals, life sciences, biotechnology, medical devices, supply producers and distributors, hospitals and other healthcare providers, as well as various investment funds in the P&H sector.

Global advises clients on challenging P&H legal issues such as regulatory compliance, structuring transactions and contractual arrangements, realization of pipeline and geographic expansions, capital raising and project financing, mergers and acquisitions, reorganisations, IP protection, licensing and distribution arrangements, settlement of disputes involving adverse effects in clinical trials and medical treatment, etc.

Global also has close links to industrial associations and is involved in making recommendations on industry codes of conduct.

Global Law Office:

The history of Global Law Office dates back to 1984, when it became the first law firm in the People’s Republic of China (the “PRC”) to take an international perspective on its business, fully embracing the outside world.

In today’s global economy, we continue to set the pace as the PRC’s most innovative and progressive law firm. In doing so, we build on the energy and creativity of our highly qualified professionals, most of whom have gained qualifications and hands-on experience in law schools and firms throughout Asia, North America, Europe and Australia.

Our clients are the most important part of our business. We have attracted clients from all parts of the world, working in countless industries and market areas.

Our value is delivered to our international and domestic clients through our deep knowledge and experience across the full range of practice areas and industries affected by Chinese law. As one of the country’s most well-established and respected firms, we can bring our clients the legal and cultural understanding needed for long-term success in the PRC.


Jeffrey A. Rinde

Jeffrey A. Rinde is the Managing Partner in the New York City office. Mr. Rinde primerly specializes in the areas of corporate, securities and other regulatory aspects of global business ventures across a diverse array of industries between companies in the U.S. and Europe with Asia, Central and South America, Russia, Africa, Australia and the Middle East.

With over twenty-five years of global legal, corporate and investment banking experience, Mr. Rinde represents both U.S. and foreign corporations across a wide range of industries. His broad experience includes public and private equity and debt security financings, blockchain technology & digital currency, international mergers and acquisitions, angel, venture capital and private equity financings, project finance, banking and financial instruments, secured debt transactions, going private transactions, foreign direct investment and corporate law and governance. Mr. Rinde regularly assists his clients with overcoming challenging government and regulatory issues confronting them in global emerging markets, including developing and implementing strategies to maximize opportunities, minimize risks, and accomplish their strategic goals.

Mr. Rinde has particular and distinctive skill in representing Chinese and other Asian-based companies in complex transactions to help expand their overseas business, access capital and list overseas, including the United States, Hong Kong and London, and representing foreign companies in all facets of business activities in mainland China.

Prior to establishing CKR, Mr. Rinde was Chief Representative of Blank Rome’s Shanghai office whose primary responsibility was overseeing the firm’s Asia-based client matters. Earlier in his career, he was the head of the corporate department of Hodgson Russ’ New York office and established the firm’s Asian practice.


About CKR Law: 

CKR is a full-service global firm of experienced lawyers with diverse international practices. We have locations throughout the world, including North America, South America, Asia Pacific, Africa, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean and the Middle East. The firm has particular and distinctive strengths, both domestically and globally, in the areas of corporate, finance, capital markets, cross-border mergers and acquisitions, government advocacy, litigation and international arbitration, and intellectual property.


Dr. Xu Guojian

Leaders in Law endorses Dr. Xu Guojian as our exclusively recommended Commercial Arbitration Law expert in China. If you wish to get in touch with Dr. Guojian please use the contact information provided above.

Born in Jiangsu Province, China,1962. Dr. Xu Guojian studied law at Southwest China University of Politics and Law, Chongqing, China and Wuhan University, Wuhan, China, consecutively, before going to Europe in 1988 to pursue further legal education.

Dr. Xu has pursued advanced studies at the Swiss Institute of Comparative Law, Lausanne, Switzerland; the Academy of International Law, International Court of Justice, the Hague, Netherlands; the Max-Planck-Institute for Foreign and International Private Law, Hamburg, Germany; and Albert Ludwig University, Freiburg i.Br., Germany. He concluded his doctoral studies at Hamburg University, and was awarded the title Dr. Juris in 1994.

Dr. Xu also has extensive experience as a practicing attorney. In 1989 he worked as an assistant lawyer in Dusseldorf, Germany, and from 1991 until 1994 was employed at a firm in Hamburg. At the beginning of 1995 he returned to China to establish a representative office for a German law firm, where he subsequently worked until the end of 1997. During this period, he provided legal services for many foreign enterprises, especially enterprises from Germany or other German-speaking countries, for their investments in and trade with China. From January to December 1998 he practiced at a Chinese law firm in Shanghai, China. At the end of 1998, he initiated the establishment of Boss & Young.

In recent years, Dr. Xu has led and been responsible for the completion of a number of projects that have had significant impact in legal circles, both domestically as well as internationally. For example, in 2001, he successfully completed a RMB4 billion RMB-USD joint bank loan project for SMIC, and in mid-2001, he successfully completed the legal service relating to first open fund in China.

In addition, in 2003, he led the team to completed the acquisition of Shandong Airlines by Air China Group. Further, in 2004, he has been involved in many significant projects such as The Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporations purchase of shares in the Bank of Communications, the issue of RMB12 billion subordinate debt by the Bank of Communications, as well as the establishment of two Sino-foreign joint venture life insurance companies in Beijing and Chongqing respectively. Early in 2006, he was appointed by Chinas Securities Regulatory Commission, as Consolidation Work Group leader and the legal representative of Hebei Securities Corporation.

Dr. Xu has been appointed a legislative and consultative expert to the Standing Committee of the People’s Congress of Shanghai. He is also the Vice Chairman of the China International Private Law Association, and an initiating member of the WTO Sub-committee of the National Bar Association. In addition, he is a member of the China Law Association and the Sino-German Jurists Association. Further, he has been appointed an arbitrator of CIETAC, the Shanghai Arbitration Commission and the Nantong Arbitration Commission. He is also a guest professor of law at Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai Institute of Foreign Trade, Hunan Normal University, and other institutions of higher learning.

Dr. Xus main fields of practice include foreign direct investment in China, overseas investment by Chinese companies, corporate law, international trading law, insurance law, international merger & acquisition, real estate law, international commercial and financial law, technology transfer, intellectual property law, construction law, international arbitration and maritime law.

Dr. Xu is fluent in German and English, as well as having a grounding in French and Japanese. He is a member of the Shanghai Interpreters’ Association and is a qualified translator of both English and German.


Nancy Ao

Nancy Ao specialises in construction law and advises on both contentious and transactional matters, with a focus on disputes and project life advice. She has considerable experience advising Chinese construction companies undertaking projects overseas and international contractors doing business in China. She is a Member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators.

Nancy is dual qualified in China and England and Wales. She has worked in Pinsent Masons’ Shanghai, Hong Kong, London and Beijing offices over the years. Nancy speaks native Mandarin and is fluent in English.


  • LLB – East China Normal University
  • LLM -East China University of Politics and Law

Firm Overview:

Without clients, we do not exist.

Our biased view is that legal services at all times should underpin the clients’ needs and business objectives. We are dedicated to tipping the scales in your favour. Making sure you win – whether that’s in Court or in your marketplace.

Helping you achieve transformational change

We guide a diverse range of multi-national clients through transformational change. So when you need to know whether to press ahead with major change, we’ll give you an answer, not a 15-page note. Our lawyers don’t need to sit on the fence. They know the answer and they’ll tell you.

You’ll get the best advice on project structuring and procurement to attract the best bids, achieve value for money, and ensure your project is delivered on time. We’ll give you the edge if you’re bidding.

When you’re buying, selling or investing, we’ll help you finance for growth and create value. This includes introducing you to influential and helpful funders. When you’re closing the deal, we’ll be fighting in your corner with you.

Should relationships with your customers, suppliers or business partners not go as well as planned, our substantial litigation team is on hand to help you resolve matters and protect your business interests – through mediation, arbitration and the Courts.

In the minefield that is today’s regulatory environment, we’re out in front of you, assisting you in sorting out the risks from the opportunities.

Consistency and innovation in your day-to-day business development

We’re constantly monitoring your sector. So in matters like corporate governance issues and pensions, you can rely on us to get things consistently right. You’ll benefit from our accumulated research into your sector and regulatory environment.

If you have a multi-jurisdictional matter to deal with, you’ll benefit from our international reach. We share our knowledge with clients on a continual basis through regular reporting, seminars, bespoke in-house training, and public courses.

When you’re looking to save money (who isn’t?), we lead the field in cost-cutting innovation.